Akebia quinata

Family (Traditional)Lardizabalaceae
Species:Akebia quinata (Houtt.) Decne.
Common NameChocolate Vine; Five Leaf
Growth Habitvine - liana
Plant Notes**
CharacteristicsArmaments: No; Milky Sap: No; Photosynthetic: Yes; Stipules: No; Woody Herbaceous: Woody; Invasive Rank: TN-IPC Emerging Threat; Duration: Perennial; General Ecology: Terrestrial; Growth Habit: vine - liana; Moisture Requirements: Mesic-Hydric; Region of Origin: Asia; Reproductive Phenology: March; Reproductive Phenology: April; Reproductive Phenology: May; Reproductive Phenology: June; Reproductive Phenology: July; Leaf Arrangement: alternate; Leaf Complexity: compound; Leaf Dissection: 1; Leaf Fragrance: No; Leaf Persistance: Deciduous; Leaf Petiole Type: petiolate; Leaf Type: broadleaf; Leaf Venation: palmate; Leaflet Margins: entire; Leaflet Number: 5; Base Flower Color: Pink; Base Flower Color: Purple; Base Flower Color: White; Fruit Complexity: Aggregate; Fruit Dehiscence: Yes; Fruit Type: Aggregate; Fruit Type: Follicle; Fruit Wet/Dry: Dry; Inflorescence Position: axillary; Inflorescence Types: corymb/cyme/umbel; Inflorescence Types: raceme; Ovary Position: Superior; Overall Flower Symmetry: Actinomorphic; Pistil Complexity: Simple; Pistil Number: 3; Placentation Type: Marginal; Sepal Number: 3; Sexuality: monoecious; Sporangium Arrangement: N/A
C value N/A
StatusNot Native; Invasive; KY[SNA] (State Rank); GNR (Global Rank)
Specimen(s) View and Download Specimen Details »

** Not applicable or data not available.

Currently no photos are available for this plant.

Species Distribution Map

This species has been reported in the counties highlighted in the interactive distribution map below. Click on a county to display the its name. Click the question mark icon () to view additional information about the ecoregions shown. In the map legend, there are links to toggle the visibility of the ecoregions and/or their labels. In addition, clicking on an ecoregion name will highlight that region on the map.

  • State Boundaries
  • Counties
  • Counties - Species Present
  • Southeastern Plains
    • Blackland Prarie
  • Blue Ridge Mountains
  • Ridge and Valley
  • Cumberland Plateau
  • Cumberland Mountains
  • Allegheny Plateau
  • Interior Plateau
    • Bluegrass Region
    • Nashville Basin
    • Pennyroyal Karst Plain
    • Western Highland Rim
    • Eastern Highland Rim


No synonyms exist for this species.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort.

Counties included on distribution map: Jefferson (KY), Rockcastle (KY), Hamilton (TN)

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: APSC, BEREA, EKY, KNK, UCHT

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1923 - 2009

Accession No. (click for full details) County State Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
31234100516341 Jefferson Kentucky 25 Apr 2005 Patricia D. Haragan
Akebia quinata
APSC0094728 Jefferson Kentucky
Akebia quinata
31234100721594 Jefferson Kentucky 22 Apr 2009 Patricia D. Haragan
Akebia quinata
31973000015473 Jefferson Kentucky
Akebia quinata
APSC0108462 Jefferson Kentucky
Akebia quinata
31234100516358 Jefferson Kentucky 24 Jun 1923 C. L. Hathaway
Akebia quinata
BEREA016197 Rockcastle Kentucky
Akebia quinata
UCHT012427 Hamilton Tennessee
Akebia quinata
APSC0069147 Jefferson Kentucky
Akebia quinata
31234100516333 Jefferson Kentucky 06 Sep 1998 Patricia D. Haragan
Akebia quinata
31234100733458 Jefferson Kentucky 06 Sep 1998 Patricia D. Haragan
Akebia quinata
BEREA016196 Rockcastle Kentucky
Akebia quinata
APSC0103772 Jefferson Kentucky
Akebia quinata
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