Modiola caroliniana

Family (Traditional)Malvaceae
Species:Modiola caroliniana (L.) G. Don
Common NameCarolina Bristlemallow; Carolina Bristly Mallow
Growth Habitforb
Plant Notes**
CharacteristicsArmaments: No; Milky Sap: No; Photosynthetic: Yes; Stipules: Yes; Woody Herbaceous: Herbaceous; Natural Area Presence: LGS; Duration: Annual; Duration: Biennial; Duration: Perennial; General Ecology: Terrestrial; Growth Habit: forb; Region of Origin: South America; Reproductive Phenology: March; Reproductive Phenology: April; Reproductive Phenology: May; Reproductive Phenology: June; Leaf Arrangement: alternate; Leaf Complexity: simple; Leaf Fragrance: No; Leaf Persistance: Deciduous; Leaflet Number: 0; Base Flower Color: Orange; Fruit Dehiscence: No; Fruit Type: Schizocarp; Fruit Wet/Dry: Dry; Hypanthium Present: No; Ovary Position: Superior; Overall Flower Symmetry: Actinomorphic; Perianth Present: Yes; Petal Number: 5; Pistil Number: 1; Placentation Type: Axillary; Sexuality: monoclinous; Sporangium Arrangement: N/A; Stamen Number: 13+
C value N/A
StatusNot Native; AGCP (FACU), EMP (FACU) (NWPL); TN[SNR] KY[SNA] (State Rank); G5 (Global Rank)
Specimen(s) View and Download Specimen Details »

** Not applicable or data not available.

Species Distribution Map

This species has been reported in the counties highlighted in the interactive distribution map below. Click on a county to display the its name. Click the question mark icon () to view additional information about the ecoregions shown. In the map legend, there are links to toggle the visibility of the ecoregions and/or their labels. In addition, clicking on an ecoregion name will highlight that region on the map.

  • State Boundaries
  • Counties
  • Counties - Species Present
  • Southeastern Plains
    • Blackland Prarie
  • Blue Ridge Mountains
  • Ridge and Valley
  • Cumberland Plateau
  • Cumberland Mountains
  • Allegheny Plateau
  • Interior Plateau
    • Bluegrass Region
    • Nashville Basin
    • Pennyroyal Karst Plain
    • Western Highland Rim
    • Eastern Highland Rim


SynonymFull Citation
Modiola multifida Modiola multifida Moench

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort.

Counties included on distribution map: McCreary (KY), Hamilton (TN), Knox (TN), Shelby (TN), Unicoi (TN)

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: APSC, ETSU, KNK, MEM, TENN, UCHT

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1976 - 2014

Accession No. (click for full details) County State Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
31973000016203 McCreary Kentucky
Modiola caroliniana
UCHT019586 Hamilton Tennessee
Modiola caroliniana
TENN-V-0147193 Hamilton Tennessee
Modiola caroliniana
MEM012451 Shelby Tennessee 26 Apr 1976 Robert W. McGowan
Modiola caroliniana
TENN-V-0147197 Shelby Tennessee
Modiola caroliniana
MEM018322 Shelby Tennessee 25 Apr 1977 Robert W. McGowan
Modiola caroliniana
N/A Unicoi Tennessee 30 Apr 2014 Frosty Levy
Modiola caroliniana
APSC0009860 Knox Tennessee
Modiola caroliniana
TENN-V-0147196 Knox Tennessee
Modiola caroliniana
UCHT019589 Hamilton Tennessee
Modiola caroliniana
TENN-V-0147194 Knox Tennessee
Modiola caroliniana
TENN-V-0147195 Knox Tennessee
Modiola caroliniana
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Plant Photos

Modiola caroliniana - Milo Pyne
Modiola caroliniana - Milo Pyne