Frasera caroliniensis

ClassificationDicots
FamilyGentianaceae
Family (Traditional)Gentianaceae
GenusFrasera
SpeciesFrasera caroliniensis Walter
Common NameAmerican columbo
Growth Habitforb
Plant NotesHabit: forb; Woody/Herbaceous: herbaceous; Terrestrial/Aquatic: Terrestrial;
Leaf Arrangement: Whorled; Simple/Compound: Simple; Leaf Complexity: 0;
Hypanthium: No; Perianth Absent: No; Fruit Color: ;
*Average C-Value: 8.9
C value 9
StatusNative; TN[SNR] KY[S5] (State Rank); G5 (Global Rank)
Specimen(s) View and Download Specimen Details »

** Not applicable or data not available.

Species Distribution Map

This species has been reported in the counties highlighted in the interactive distribution map below. Click on a county to display the its name. Click the question mark icon () to view additional information about the ecoregions shown. In the map legend, there are links to toggle the visibility of the ecoregions and/or their labels. In addition, clicking on an ecoregion name will highlight that region on the map.

  • State Boundaries
  • Counties
  • Counties - Species Present
Ecoregions
  • Southeastern Plains
    • Blackland Prarie
  • Blue Ridge Mountains
  • Ridge and Valley
  • Cumberland Plateau
  • Cumberland Mountains
  • Allegheny Plateau
  • Interior Plateau
    • Bluegrass Region
    • Nashville Basin
    • Pennyroyal Karst Plain
    • Western Highland Rim
    • Eastern Highland Rim

Synonyms

SynonymFull Citation
Swertia carolinensis Swertia carolinensis (Walter) Kuntze

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort.

Counties included on distribution map: Anderson (KY), Boone (KY), Bullitt (KY), Christian (KY), Clinton (KY), Cumberland (KY), Estill (KY), Graves (KY), Hardin (KY), Jackson (KY), Jefferson (KY), Kenton (KY), Lewis (KY), Livingston (KY), Lyon (KY), McCreary (KY), Madison (KY), Marion (KY), Meade (KY), Mercer (KY), Nicholas (KY), Oldham (KY), Owen (KY), Pendleton (KY), Powell (KY), Robertson (KY), Rockcastle (KY), Russell (KY), Spencer (KY), Todd (KY), Trigg (KY), Warren (KY), Woodford (KY), Bedford (TN), Bledsoe (TN), Campbell (TN), Cannon (TN), Clay (TN), Cumberland (TN), DeKalb (TN), Dickson (TN), Fentress (TN), Franklin (TN), Giles (TN), Grundy (TN), Hamilton (TN), Hardin (TN), Hickman (TN), Houston (TN), Jackson (TN), Lawrence (TN), Lewis (TN), Marion (TN), Maury (TN), Montgomery (TN), Obion (TN), Putnam (TN), Rhea (TN), Rutherford (TN), Stewart (TN), Sumner (TN), Tipton (TN), Van Buren (TN), Warren (TN), Wayne (TN), White (TN)

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: MTSU, UOS, VDB, APSC, BEREA, EKY, HTTU, KNK, TENN, UCHT, UTM

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1906 - 2009

Accession No. (click for full details) County State Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
31234100476132 Madison Kentucky 25 Jun 1980 J. Stuart Lassetter
3521
EKY
Frasera caroliniensis
31234100476157 McCreary Kentucky 24 Jun 1972 Elizabeth M. Browne
72E15.15
EKY
Frasera caroliniensis
31234100708732 Todd Kentucky 30 Jun 1962 Elizabeth M. Browne, Edward T. Browne, Jr.
5687
EKY
Swertia carolinensis
31234100476207 Owen Kentucky 05 May 1998 Ronald L. Jones
8460
EKY
Frasera caroliniensis
31234100476215 Powell Kentucky 03 Oct 2002 Timothy J. Weckman
7825
EKY
Frasera caroliniensis
31234100476108 Jackson Kentucky Joe Abner
89-160
EKY
Frasera caroliniensis
31234100476116 Lewis Kentucky 19 May 2005 T.J. Weckman
9302
EKY
Frasera caroliniensis
31234100476231 Trigg Kentucky 14 May 1985 Raymond Athey
5078
EKY
Frasera caroliniensis
BEREA014909 Warren Kentucky
BEREA
Frasera caroliniensis
BEREA014905 Madison Kentucky
BEREA
Frasera caroliniensis
BEREA014904 Madison Kentucky
BEREA
Frasera caroliniensis
31973000013742 Clinton Kentucky
KNK
Frasera caroliniensis
31973000013741 Boone Kentucky
KNK
Frasera caroliniensis
31973000013740 Owen Kentucky
KNK
Frasera caroliniensis
31234100476058 Anderson Kentucky 22 Jun 1978 William S . Bryant
412
EKY
Frasera caroliniensis
31234100476223 Todd Kentucky 27 May 1976 Raymond Athey
3392
EKY
Frasera caroliniensis
31234100476173 Mercer Kentucky 07 Jun 1956 Mary E. Wharton
10031
EKY
Frasera caroliniensis
31234100476066 Christian Kentucky 03 Jun 1980 Richard H. Hannan
3858
EKY
Frasera caroliniensis
31234100476124 Livingston Kentucky 22 May 1976 Raymond Athey
3379
EKY
Frasera caroliniensis
31234100476090 Estill Kentucky 26 May 1987 Richard G. Guetig
105
EKY
Frasera caroliniensis
31234100476181 Mercer Kentucky 07 Jun 1956 Mary E. Wharton
10031
EKY
Frasera caroliniensis
31234100476199 Nicholas Kentucky 14 Oct 1960 Elizabeth M. Browne
2705
EKY
Frasera caroliniensis
N/A Clinton Kentucky 10 Jun 2000 Mark A. Gorton
00-177
EKY
Frasera caroliniensis
BEREA014906 Madison Kentucky
BEREA
Frasera caroliniensis
BEREA014907 Madison Kentucky
BEREA
Frasera caroliniensis
31973000013734 Lewis Kentucky
KNK
Frasera caroliniensis
31973000013739 Lewis Kentucky
KNK
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176496 Clay Tennessee
TENN
Swertia carolinensis
31973000013743 Clinton Kentucky
KNK
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176516 Lawrence Tennessee
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176528 Rutherford Tennessee
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176521 Maury Tennessee
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176493 Bedford Tennessee
TENN
Swertia carolinensis
TENN-V-0176535 Van Buren Tennessee
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176517 Lawrence Tennessee
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176526 Rutherford Tennessee
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176531 Tipton Tennessee
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176503 Houston Tennessee
TENN
Swertia carolinensis
TENN-V-0176519 Marion Tennessee
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176527 Rutherford Tennessee
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176511 Hardin Tennessee
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176524 Obion Tennessee
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176537 Wayne Tennessee
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176515 Jackson Tennessee
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176510 Hardin Tennessee
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176509 Hardin Tennessee
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176525 Putnam Tennessee
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176547 McCreary Kentucky
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176497 Clay Tennessee
TENN
Swertia carolinensis
TENN-V-0176498 Cumberland Tennessee
TENN
Swertia carolinensis
TENN-V-0176523 Montgomery Tennessee
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176507 Hamilton Tennessee
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176514 Hickman Tennessee
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176501 Franklin Tennessee
TENN
Swertia carolinensis
TENN-V-0176532 Van Buren Tennessee
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176554 Graves Kentucky
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176504 Giles Tennessee
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176539 Wayne Tennessee
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176520 Marion Tennessee
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
UCHT023834 Hamilton Tennessee
UCHT
Frasera caroliniensis
UCHT023832 Hamilton Tennessee
UCHT
Frasera caroliniensis
UCHT023833 Hamilton Tennessee
UCHT
Frasera caroliniensis
BEREA024386 Madison Kentucky
BEREA
Frasera caroliniensis
BEREA024385 Madison Kentucky
BEREA
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0120739 Oldham Kentucky
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0012885 Trigg Kentucky
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0082524 Warren Kentucky
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0012890 Montgomery Tennessee 15 May 1977
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0113406 Cumberland Tennessee
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0012884 Stewart Tennessee
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0083707 Estill Kentucky 11 Jun 1983 Max Medley
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0012888 Montgomery Tennessee 23 May 1942 R.E. Shanks
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0087441 Jackson Kentucky
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176551 Todd Kentucky
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176500 Fentress Tennessee
TENN
Swertia carolinensis
TENN-V-0176502 Grundy Tennessee
TENN
Swertia carolinensis
TENN-V-0176506 Grundy Tennessee
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176513 Hickman Tennessee
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176534 Van Buren Tennessee
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176529 Sumner Tennessee
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176499 Dickson Tennessee
TENN
Swertia carolinensis
TENN-V-0176508 Hamilton Tennessee
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176533 Van Buren Tennessee
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176530 Sumner Tennessee 28 May 1975 J. Alcorn
501
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176495 Campbell Tennessee
TENN
Swertia carolinensis
TENN-V-0176505 Giles Tennessee
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0012876 Lyon Kentucky
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0120741 Bullitt Kentucky
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0111740 Russell Kentucky
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0012880 Stewart Tennessee
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0087440 Jackson Kentucky
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0012881 Stewart Tennessee
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0012889 Montgomery Tennessee 14 Jul 1967 Edward Chester
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0083710 Meade Kentucky
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0120745 Jefferson Kentucky
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0111739 Russell Kentucky
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0012879 Stewart Tennessee
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0012883 Stewart Tennessee
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0084062 Marion Kentucky
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0120743 Woodford Kentucky
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0012886 Rutherford Tennessee
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0111741 Russell Kentucky
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0033028 Spencer Kentucky
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0120744 Spencer Kentucky
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0120742 Woodford Kentucky
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0053009 Owen Kentucky
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0082527 Todd Kentucky
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0082523 Warren Kentucky
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0012887 Dickson Tennessee
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0012892 Stewart Tennessee
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0082522 Warren Kentucky
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0120740 Meade Kentucky
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0083708 Hardin Kentucky
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
HTTU030533 Jackson Tennessee
HTTU
Frasera caroliniensis
HTTU027623 White Tennessee
HTTU
Frasera caroliniensis
HTTU030730 DeKalb Tennessee
HTTU
Frasera caroliniensis
UCHT036441 Cumberland Tennessee
UCHT
Frasera caroliniensis
N/A Hamilton Tennessee 17 May 1911 J. R. Churchill
UCHT
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0012893 Maury Tennessee 09 Jul 2000 Dwayne Estes
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
HTTU021033 DeKalb Tennessee
HTTU
Frasera caroliniensis
HTTU024217 DeKalb Tennessee
HTTU
Frasera caroliniensis
N/A Hamilton Tennessee 17 May 1911 J. R. Churchill
UCHT
Frasera caroliniensis
N/A Hamilton Tennessee 08 May 1906 J. R. Churchill
UCHT
Frasera caroliniensis
N/A Hamilton Tennessee 17 May 1911 J. R. Churchill
UCHT
Frasera caroliniensis
UOS03167 Franklin Tennessee 25 May 2009 Mary P. Priestley
UOS
Frasera caroliniensis
UTM01447 Hickman Tennessee
UTM
Frasera caroliniensis
HTTU025821 Jackson Tennessee
HTTU
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0012877 Trigg Kentucky
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
APSC0082525 Warren Kentucky
APSC
Frasera caroliniensis
31973000013738 Robertson Kentucky
KNK
Frasera caroliniensis
31973000013735 Pendleton Kentucky
KNK
Frasera caroliniensis
BEREA014908 Rockcastle Kentucky
BEREA
Frasera caroliniensis
31234100476249 Warren Kentucky 09 Jun 1937 F. Ragland
EKY
Frasera caroliniensis
31234100476082 Cumberland Kentucky 15 Apr 1999 Ross C. Clark
24176
EKY
Frasera caroliniensis
31234100476165 Mercer Kentucky 07 Jun 1956 Mary E. Wharton
10031
EKY
Frasera caroliniensis
N/A Hamilton Tennessee 20 May 1911 J. R. Churchill
UCHT
Frasera caroliniensis
N/A Hamilton Tennessee 17 May 1911 J. R. Churchill
UCHT
Frasera caroliniensis
N/A Hamilton Tennessee 17 May 1911 J. R. Churchill
UCHT
Frasera caroliniensis
UTM01448 Tennessee
UTM
Frasera caroliniensis
BRIT118967 Clay Tennessee 15 May 2000 V. E. McNeilus
00-428
VDB
Frasera caroliniensis
MTSU018215 Cannon Tennessee 13 May 1980 Landon E. McKinney
084
MTSU
Swertia carolinensis
TENN-V-0176494 Bledsoe Tennessee
TENN
Swertia carolinensis
TENN-V-0176518 Lewis Tennessee
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176550 Nicholas Kentucky
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176538 Wayne Tennessee
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176512 Hickman Tennessee
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176522 Rhea Tennessee
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
TENN-V-0176536 Warren Tennessee
TENN
Frasera caroliniensis
31973000013744 Kenton Kentucky
KNK
Frasera caroliniensis
31234100476140 Marion Kentucky 03 Apr 1999 Ross C. Clark
24133
EKY
Frasera caroliniensis
31234100476041 Anderson Kentucky 15 May 1991 Ronald L. Jones
6738
EKY
Frasera caroliniensis
First Page Previous Page Next Page Last Page
Records per Page:

Plant Photos

Frasera caroliniensis - Ashley B. Morris
Frasera caroliniensis - Ashley B. Morris
Frasera caroliniensis - Dwayne Estes
Frasera caroliniensis - Dwayne Estes
Frasera caroliniensis - Dwayne Estes
Frasera caroliniensis - Dwayne Estes
Frasera caroliniensis - Dwayne Estes
Frasera caroliniensis - Dwayne Estes
Frasera caroliniensis - Dwayne Estes
Frasera caroliniensis - Dwayne Estes
Frasera caroliniensis - Milo Pyne
Frasera caroliniensis - Milo Pyne
Frasera caroliniensis - Milo Pyne
Frasera caroliniensis - Milo Pyne
Frasera caroliniensis - Milo Pyne
Frasera caroliniensis - Milo Pyne
Frasera caroliniensis - Tara Littlefield
Frasera caroliniensis - Tara Littlefield
Frasera caroliniensis - Tara Littlefield
Frasera caroliniensis - Tara Littlefield
Frasera caroliniensis - Theo Witsell
Frasera caroliniensis - Theo Witsell
Frasera caroliniensis - Theo Witsell
Frasera caroliniensis - Theo Witsell
Frasera caroliniensis - Theo Witsell
Frasera caroliniensis - Theo Witsell
Frasera caroliniensis - Theo Witsell
Frasera caroliniensis - Theo Witsell