Monarda media

Family (Traditional)Lamiaceae
Species:Monarda media Willd.
Common NamePurple Bergamot
Growth Habitforb
Plant Notes**
CharacteristicsArmaments: No; Milky Sap: No; Photosynthetic: Yes; Stipules: No; Woody Herbaceous: Herbaceous; Duration: Perennial; General Ecology: Terrestrial; Growth Habit: forb; Moisture Requirements: Dry-mesic; Moisture Requirements: Mesic; Region of Origin: North America; Reproductive Phenology: July; Reproductive Phenology: August; Reproductive Phenology: September; Reproductive Phenology: October; Leaf Arrangement: opposite; Leaf Complexity: simple; Leaf Dissection: 0; Leaf Fragrance: Yes; Leaf Persistance: Deciduous; Leaf Type: broadleaf; Leaflet Number: 0; Anther Type: Dorsifixed; Base Flower Color: Pink; Base Flower Color: Purple; Carpel Number/Pistil: 2; Fruit Dehiscence: No; Fruit Type: Nut; Fruit Type: Nutlet; Fruit Type: Schizocarp; Fruit Wet/Dry: Dry; Hypanthium Present: No; Ovary Position: Superior; Overall Flower Symmetry: Zygomorphic; Ovules per Carpel: 1; Ovules per Carpel: 2; Ovules per Carpel: 3; Ovules per Carpel: 4; Perianth Present: Yes; Pistil Number: 1; Placentation Type: Axillary; Sexuality: monoclinous; Sporangium Arrangement: N/A; Stamen Number: 1
C value 4
StatusNative; TN[SNR] KY[SNR] (State Rank); G4? (Global Rank)
Specimen(s) View and Download Specimen Details »

** Not applicable or data not available.

Currently no photos are available for this plant.

Species Distribution Map

This species has been reported in the counties highlighted in the interactive distribution map below. Click on a county to display the its name. Click the question mark icon () to view additional information about the ecoregions shown. In the map legend, there are links to toggle the visibility of the ecoregions and/or their labels. In addition, clicking on an ecoregion name will highlight that region on the map.

  • State Boundaries
  • Counties
  • Counties - Species Present
  • Southeastern Plains
    • Blackland Prarie
  • Blue Ridge Mountains
  • Ridge and Valley
  • Cumberland Plateau
  • Cumberland Mountains
  • Allegheny Plateau
  • Interior Plateau
    • Bluegrass Region
    • Nashville Basin
    • Pennyroyal Karst Plain
    • Western Highland Rim
    • Eastern Highland Rim


SynonymFull Citation
Monarda media Monarda × media Willd.
Monarda media Monarda media Willd.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort.

Counties included on distribution map: Menifee (KY), Carter (TN), Monroe (TN), Polk (TN), Putnam (TN), Unicoi (TN)

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: EKY, ETSU, HTTU, TENN

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1989 - 2012

Accession No. (click for full details) County State Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
TENN-V-0201786 Monroe Tennessee
Monarda media
TENN-V-0201787 Polk Tennessee
Monarda media
TENN-V-0201788 Polk Tennessee
Monarda media
HTTU018219 Putnam Tennessee
Monarda media
TENN-V-0244396 Unicoi Tennessee
Monarda media
ETSU034906 Carter Tennessee
Monarda media
ETSU034909 Carter Tennessee
Monarda media
ETSU018822 Unicoi Tennessee
Monarda Media
ETSU018758 Unicoi Tennessee
Monarda media
ETSU034904 Carter Tennessee
Monarda media
ETSU034905 Carter Tennessee
Monarda media
31234100512258 Menifee Kentucky 20 Jul 1989 Carol Hanley
Monarda media
ETSU005963 Carter Tennessee 18 Jun 2012 Frosty Levy
Monarda media
ETSU007386 Unicoi Tennessee 29 Jun 2011 Frosty Levy
Monarda media
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