Listera smallii

ClassificationMonocots
FamilyOrchidaceae
Family (Traditional)Orchidaceae
GenusListera
Species:Listera smallii Wiegand
Common NameKidneyleaf Twayblade
Growth Habitforb
Plant Notes**
CharacteristicsArmaments: No; Milky Sap: No; Photosynthetic: Yes; Stipules: No; Woody Herbaceous: Herbaceous; Duration: Perennial; General Ecology: Terrestrial; Growth Habit: forb; Moisture Requirements: Mesic-Hydric; Moisture Requirements: Hydric; Moisture Requirements: Wetland; Region of Origin: North America; Reproductive Phenology: Febuary; Reproductive Phenology: March; Reproductive Phenology: April; Reproductive Phenology: May; Reproductive Phenology: June; Leaf Arrangement: opposite; Leaf Complexity: simple; Leaf Dissection: 0; Leaf Fragrance: No; Leaf Persistance: Deciduous; Leaf Petiole Type: sessile; Leaf Type: broadleaf; Leaf Venation: palmate; Leaf Venation: parallel; Leaflet Margins: entire; Leaflet Number: 0; Anther Type: Pollinium; Base Flower Color: Brown (incl. Maroon); Carpel Number/Pistil: 1; Fruit Dehiscence: Yes; Fruit Type: Capsule; Fruit Wet/Dry: Dry; Hypanthium Present: No; Inflorescence Position: terminal; Inflorescence Types: raceme; Ovary Position: Inferior; Overall Flower Symmetry: Zygomorphic; Ovules per Carpel: 13+; Perianth Present: Yes; Petal Fusion: No; Petal Number: 3; Pistil Complexity: Compound; Pistil Number: 1; Placentation Type: Parietal; Sepal Fusion: No; Sexuality: monoclinous; Sporangium Arrangement: N/A; Stamen Number: 1; Tepal Fusion: No; Tepal Number: 6
C value 8
StatusNative; TN[S3] KY[S2] (State Rank); G4 (Global Rank)
Specimen(s) View and Download Specimen Details »

** Not applicable or data not available.

Currently no photos are available for this plant.

Species Distribution Map

This species has been reported in the counties highlighted in the interactive distribution map below. Click on a county to display the its name. Click the question mark icon () to view additional information about the ecoregions shown. In the map legend, there are links to toggle the visibility of the ecoregions and/or their labels. In addition, clicking on an ecoregion name will highlight that region on the map.

  • State Boundaries
  • Counties
  • Counties - Species Present
Ecoregions
  • Southeastern Plains
    • Blackland Prarie
  • Blue Ridge Mountains
  • Ridge and Valley
  • Cumberland Plateau
  • Cumberland Mountains
  • Allegheny Plateau
  • Interior Plateau
    • Bluegrass Region
    • Nashville Basin
    • Pennyroyal Karst Plain
    • Western Highland Rim
    • Eastern Highland Rim

Synonyms

No synonyms exist for this species.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort.

Counties included on distribution map: Bell (KY), Hickman (KY), Johnson (KY), Letcher (KY), Carter (TN), Cocke (TN), Greene (TN), Johnson (TN), Unicoi (TN)

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: EKY, ETSU, MDKY, TENN

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 2009 - 2018

Accession No. (click for full details) County State Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
31234100733805 Letcher Kentucky Ron Caldwell
EKY
Listera smallii
ETSU006640 Unicoi Tennessee 10 Jun 2009 Frosty Levy
ETSU
Listera smallii
ETSU005785 Carter Tennessee 08 Jul 2015 Frosty Levy
ETSU
Listera smallii
ETSU006261 Johnson Tennessee 16 May 2016 Frosty Levy
ETSU
Listera smallii
N/A Unicoi Tennessee 28 May 2012 Frosty Levy
ETSU
Listera smallii
N/A Unicoi Tennessee 28 Sep 2010 Frosty Levy
ETSU
Listera smallii
ETSU010188 Unicoi Tennessee
ETSU
Listera smallii
MDKY00006654 Johnson Kentucky
MDKY
Listera smallii
TENN-V-0074282 Bell Kentucky
TENN
Listera smallii
TENN-V-0074283 Hickman Kentucky
TENN
Listera smallii
ETSU030175 Cocke Tennessee
ETSU
Listera smallii
ETSU030173 Cocke Tennessee
ETSU
Listera smallii
ETSU030772 Greene Tennessee
ETSU
Listera smallii
ETSU032532 Johnson Tennessee
ETSU
Listera smallii
ETSU027130 Unicoi Tennessee 08 Jul 2018 Frosty Levy, Elaine Walker, Sollie Walker
18200
ETSU
Listera smallii
ETSU030972 Carter Tennessee
ETSU
Listera smallii
ETSU010185 Carter Tennessee
ETSU
Listera smallii
ETSU005746 Carter Tennessee 01 Jul 2015 Frosty Levy
ETSU
Listera smallii
N/A Unicoi Tennessee 07 Jun 2014 Frosty Levy
ETSU
Listera smallii
ETSU032280 Carter Tennessee James T Donaldson
ETSU
Listera smallii
ETSU030174 Cocke Tennessee
ETSU
Listera smallii
ETSU030973 Carter Tennessee
ETSU
Listera smallii
ETSU033577 Carter Tennessee
ETSU
Listera smallii
ETSU030971 Carter Tennessee
ETSU
Listera smallii
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