Xerophyllum asphodeloides

ClassificationMonocots
FamilyMelanthiaceae
Family (Traditional)Liliaceae
GenusXerophyllum
Species:Xerophyllum asphodeloides Spreng.
Common NameEastern Turkeybeard; Beargrass; Bear Grass; Mountain Asphodel
Growth Habitforb
Plant Notes**
CharacteristicsArmaments: No; Milky Sap: No; Photosynthetic: Yes; Stipules: No; Woody Herbaceous: Herbaceous; Natural Area Presence: GM; Duration: Perennial; General Ecology: Terrestrial; Growth Habit: forb; Moisture Requirements: Xeric; Moisture Requirements: Sub-xeric; Moisture Requirements: Dry-mesic; Region of Origin: North America; Reproductive Phenology: May; Reproductive Phenology: June; Leaf Arrangement: alternate; Leaf Arrangement: basal; Leaf Complexity: simple; Leaf Dissection: 0; Leaf Fragrance: No; Leaf Persistance: Deciduous; Leaf Petiole Type: sessile; Leaf Type: grass-like; Leaf Venation: parallel; Leaflet Margins: serrulate; Leaflet Number: 0; Anther Type: Dorsifixed; Base Flower Color: White; Carpel Number/Pistil: 3; Fruit Dehiscence: Yes; Fruit Type: Capsule; Fruit Wet/Dry: Dry; Hypanthium Present: No; Inflorescence Position: terminal; Inflorescence Types: corymb/cyme/umbel; Inflorescence Types: raceme; Ovary Position: Superior; Overall Flower Symmetry: Actinomorphic; Ovules per Carpel: 2; Ovules per Carpel: 3; Ovules per Carpel: 4; Perianth Present: Yes; Petal Fusion: No; Petal Number: 3; Pistil Complexity: Compound; Pistil Number: 1; Sepal Fusion: No; Sepal Number: 3; Sexuality: monoclinous; Sporangium Arrangement: N/A; Stamen Number: 6; Tepal Fusion: No; Tepal Number: 6
C value 8
StatusNative; TN[S3] KY[SX] (State Rank); G4 (Global Rank)
Specimen(s) View and Download Specimen Details »

** Not applicable or data not available.

Species Distribution Map

This species has been reported in the counties highlighted in the interactive distribution map below. Click on a county to display the its name. Click the question mark icon () to view additional information about the ecoregions shown. In the map legend, there are links to toggle the visibility of the ecoregions and/or their labels. In addition, clicking on an ecoregion name will highlight that region on the map.

  • State Boundaries
  • Counties
  • Counties - Species Present
Ecoregions
  • Southeastern Plains
    • Blackland Prarie
  • Blue Ridge Mountains
  • Ridge and Valley
  • Cumberland Plateau
  • Cumberland Mountains
  • Allegheny Plateau
  • Interior Plateau
    • Bluegrass Region
    • Nashville Basin
    • Pennyroyal Karst Plain
    • Western Highland Rim
    • Eastern Highland Rim

Synonyms

SynonymFull Citation
Helonias asphodeloides Helonias asphodeloides L.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort.

Counties included on distribution map: Greene (TN), Jackson (TN), Monroe (TN), Polk (TN), Sevier (TN), Washington (TN)

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: EKY, ETSU, HTTU, TENN

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 2011 - 2016

Accession No. (click for full details) County State Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
N/A Greene Tennessee 26 Apr 2016 Frosty Levy
ETSU
Xerophyllum asphodeloides
TENN-V-0064935 Greene Tennessee
TENN
Xerophyllum asphodeloides
TENN-V-0064942 Washington Tennessee
TENN
Xerophyllum asphodeloides
TENN-V-0064934 Greene Tennessee
TENN
Xerophyllum asphodeloides
TENN-V-0064937 Greene Tennessee
TENN
Xerophyllum asphodeloides
TENN-V-0064940 Polk Tennessee
TENN
Xerophyllum asphodeloides
ETSU004980 Greene Tennessee
ETSU
Xerophyllum asphodeloides
31234100106424 Polk Tennessee Thomas S. Patrick
EKY
Xerophyllum asphodeloides
N/A Greene Tennessee 27 Aug 2011 Frosty Levy
ETSU
Xerophyllum asphodeloides
TENN-V-0064939 Monroe Tennessee
TENN
Xerophyllum asphodeloides
TENN-V-0064941 Sevier Tennessee
TENN
Xerophyllum asphodeloides
TENN-V-0064938 Greene Tennessee
TENN
Xerophyllum asphodeloides
TENN-V-0064936 Greene Tennessee
TENN
Xerophyllum asphodeloides
HTTU021999 Jackson Tennessee
HTTU
Xerophyllum asphodeloides
ETSU004979 Greene Tennessee Frosty Levy
ETSU
Xerophyllum asphodeloides
ETSU009148 Greene Tennessee Frosty Levy
ETSU
Xerophyllum asphodeloides
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Plant Photos

Xerophyllum asphodeloides - Milo Pyne
Xerophyllum asphodeloides - Milo Pyne
Xerophyllum asphodeloides - Milo Pyne
Xerophyllum asphodeloides - Milo Pyne
Xerophyllum asphodeloides - Milo Pyne
Xerophyllum asphodeloides - Milo Pyne
Xerophyllum asphodeloides - Tara Littlefield
Xerophyllum asphodeloides - Tara Littlefield