Phalaris canariensis

Family (Traditional)Poaceae
Species:Phalaris canariensis L.
Common NameAnnual Canarygrass; Bird Seed Grass
Growth Habitgraminoid
Plant Notes**
CharacteristicsArmaments: No; Milky Sap: No; Photosynthetic: Yes; Stipules: No; Woody Herbaceous: Herbaceous; Duration: Annual; General Ecology: Terrestrial; Growth Habit: graminoid; Moisture Requirements: Hydric; Moisture Requirements: Wetland; Region of Origin: Europe; Reproductive Phenology: April; Reproductive Phenology: May; Reproductive Phenology: June; Reproductive Phenology: July; Reproductive Phenology: August; Reproductive Phenology: September; Reproductive Phenology: October; Leaf Arrangement: alternate; Leaf Arrangement: basal; Leaf Complexity: simple; Leaf Dissection: 0; Leaf Persistance: Deciduous; Leaf Petiole Type: sessile; Leaf Type: grass-like; Leaf Venation: parallel; Leaflet Margins: entire; Leaflet Number: 0; Base Flower Color: Brown (incl. Maroon); Base Flower Color: Green; Fruit Dehiscence: No; Fruit Type: Caryopsis; Fruit Type: Grain; Fruit Wet/Dry: Dry; Hypanthium Present: No; Ovary Position: Superior; Overall Flower Symmetry: N/A; Perianth Present: No; Placentation Type: Parietal; Placentation Type: Basal; Sporangium Arrangement: N/A
C value N/A
StatusNot Native; AGCP (FACU), EMP (FACU) (NWPL); TN[SNA] KY[SNA] (State Rank); GNR (Global Rank)
Specimen(s) View and Download Specimen Details »

** Not applicable or data not available.

Currently no photos are available for this plant.

Species Distribution Map

This species has been reported in the counties highlighted in the interactive distribution map below. Click on a county to display the its name. Click the question mark icon () to view additional information about the ecoregions shown. In the map legend, there are links to toggle the visibility of the ecoregions and/or their labels. In addition, clicking on an ecoregion name will highlight that region on the map.

  • State Boundaries
  • Counties
  • Counties - Species Present
  • Southeastern Plains
    • Blackland Prarie
  • Blue Ridge Mountains
  • Ridge and Valley
  • Cumberland Plateau
  • Cumberland Mountains
  • Allegheny Plateau
  • Interior Plateau
    • Bluegrass Region
    • Nashville Basin
    • Pennyroyal Karst Plain
    • Western Highland Rim
    • Eastern Highland Rim


SynonymFull Citation
Phalaris avicularis Phalaris avicularis Salisb.
Phalaris canariensis f. bracteata Phalaris canariensis f. bracteata Jansen & Wacht.
Phalaris canariensis f. colorata Phalaris canariensis f. colorata Jansen & Wacht.
Phalaris canariensis f. vivipara Phalaris canariensis f. vivipara Junge
Phalaris canariensis subsp. typica Phalaris canariensis subsp. typica Posp.
Phalaris canariensis var. debilis Phalaris canariensis var. debilis Tocl & Rohlena
Phalaris canariensis var. subcylindrica Phalaris canariensis var. subcylindrica Thell.
Phalaris canariensis var. tenuis Phalaris canariensis var. tenuis Jansen & Wacht.
Phalaris canariensis var. villosula Phalaris canariensis var. villosula Jansen & Wacht.
Phalaris ovata Phalaris ovata Moench

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort.

Counties included on distribution map: McCracken (KY), Bledsoe (TN), Knox (TN), Rutherford (TN), Shelby (TN), Williamson (TN)

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: EKY, MDKY, TENN

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1970 - 1970

Accession No. (click for full details) County State Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
MDKY00005076 McCracken Kentucky
Phalaris canariensis
MDKY00005075 McCracken Kentucky
Phalaris canariensis
TENN-V-0025155 Shelby Tennessee
Phalaris canariensis
TENN-V-0025216 McCracken Kentucky
Phalaris canariensis
TENN-V-0025154 Williamson Tennessee
Phalaris canariensis
TENN-V-0025152 Knox Tennessee
Phalaris canariensis
TENN-V-0025156 Shelby Tennessee
Phalaris canariensis
TENN-V-0025151 Bledsoe Tennessee
Phalaris canariensis
TENN-V-0025214 McCracken Kentucky
Phalaris canariensis
TENN-V-0025153 Rutherford Tennessee
Phalaris canariensis
31234100153319 McCracken Kentucky 18 Jun 1970 Raymond Athey
Phalaris canariensis
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