Papaver somniferum

ClassificationDicots
FamilyPapaveraceae
Family (Traditional)Papaveraceae
GenusPapaver
Species:Papaver somniferum L.
Common NameOpium Poppy
Growth Habitforb
Plant Notes**
CharacteristicsArmaments: No; Milky Sap: Yes; Photosynthetic: Yes; Stipules: No; Woody Herbaceous: Herbaceous; Duration: Annual; General Ecology: Terrestrial; Growth Habit: forb; Region of Origin: Europe; Reproductive Phenology: June; Reproductive Phenology: July; Reproductive Phenology: August; Reproductive Phenology: September; Leaf Arrangement: alternate; Leaf Complexity: simple; Leaf Dissection: 0; Leaf Dissection: 0.5; Leaf Fragrance: No; Leaf Persistance: Deciduous; Leaf Petiole Type: petiolate; Leaf Type: broadleaf; Leaf Venation: pinnate; Leaflet Margins: lobed; Leaflet Margins: serrate; Leaflet Number: 0; Base Flower Color: Pink; Base Flower Color: Purple; Base Flower Color: White; Fruit Complexity: Simple; Fruit Dehiscence: Yes; Fruit Type: Capsule; Fruit Wet/Dry: Dry; Ovary Position: Superior; Overall Flower Symmetry: Actinomorphic; Petal Fusion: No; Petal Number: 4; Pistil Number: 1; Placentation Type: Parietal; Sepal Fusion: No; Sepal Number: 2; Sporangium Arrangement: N/A; Stamen Number: 13+
C value N/A
StatusNot Native; TN[SNA] KY[SNA] (State Rank); GNR (Global Rank)
Specimen(s) View and Download Specimen Details »

** Not applicable or data not available.

Currently no photos are available for this plant.

Species Distribution Map

This species has been reported in the counties highlighted in the interactive distribution map below. Click on a county to display the its name. Click the question mark icon () to view additional information about the ecoregions shown. In the map legend, there are links to toggle the visibility of the ecoregions and/or their labels. In addition, clicking on an ecoregion name will highlight that region on the map.

  • State Boundaries
  • Counties
  • Counties - Species Present
Ecoregions
  • Southeastern Plains
    • Blackland Prarie
  • Blue Ridge Mountains
  • Ridge and Valley
  • Cumberland Plateau
  • Cumberland Mountains
  • Allegheny Plateau
  • Interior Plateau
    • Bluegrass Region
    • Nashville Basin
    • Pennyroyal Karst Plain
    • Western Highland Rim
    • Eastern Highland Rim

Synonyms

SynonymFull Citation
Papaver somniferum var. setigerum Papaver somniferum var. setigerum auct. non (DC.) Corb.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort.

Counties included on distribution map: Hart (KY), Giles (TN), Knox (TN)

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: TENN, MTSU, KNK

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 2004 - 2004

Accession No. (click for full details) County State Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
TENN-V-0103893 Knox Tennessee
TENN
Papaver somniferum
MTSU003819 Giles Tennessee 01 May 2004 Lindsey Jett
2
MTSU
Papaver somniferum
31973000016983 Hart Kentucky
KNK
Papaver somniferum
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Plant Photos