Galium boreale

Family (Traditional)Rubiaceae
Species:Galium boreale L.
Common NameNorthern Bedstraw
Growth Habitforb
Plant Notes**
CharacteristicsArmaments: No; Milky Sap: No; Photosynthetic: Yes; Stipules: No; Stipules: Yes; Woody Herbaceous: Herbaceous; Duration: Perennial; General Ecology: Terrestrial; Growth Habit: forb; Region of Origin: North America; Reproductive Phenology: May; Reproductive Phenology: June; Reproductive Phenology: July; Reproductive Phenology: August; Reproductive Phenology: September; Leaf Arrangement: whorled; Leaf Complexity: simple; Leaf Fragrance: No; Leaf Persistance: Deciduous; Leaflet Number: 0; Base Flower Color: White; Fruit Dehiscence: No; Fruit Type: Schizocarp; Fruit Wet/Dry: Dry; Hypanthium Present: No; Ovary Position: Inferior; Overall Flower Symmetry: Actinomorphic; Perianth Present: Yes; Pistil Number: 2; Placentation Type: Axillary; Sexuality: monoclinous; Sporangium Arrangement: N/A; Stamen Number: 4
C value
StatusNative; AGCP (FAC), EMP (FACU) (NWPL); TN[SNR] KY[SNR] (State Rank); G5 (Global Rank)
Specimen(s) View and Download Specimen Details »

** Not applicable or data not available.

Currently no photos are available for this plant.

Species Distribution Map

This species has been reported in the counties highlighted in the interactive distribution map below. Click on a county to display the its name. Click the question mark icon () to view additional information about the ecoregions shown. In the map legend, there are links to toggle the visibility of the ecoregions and/or their labels. In addition, clicking on an ecoregion name will highlight that region on the map.

  • State Boundaries
  • Counties
  • Counties - Species Present
  • Southeastern Plains
    • Blackland Prarie
  • Blue Ridge Mountains
  • Ridge and Valley
  • Cumberland Plateau
  • Cumberland Mountains
  • Allegheny Plateau
  • Interior Plateau
    • Bluegrass Region
    • Nashville Basin
    • Pennyroyal Karst Plain
    • Western Highland Rim
    • Eastern Highland Rim


SynonymFull Citation
Galium boreale subsp. septentrionale Galium boreale subsp. septentrionale (Roemer & J.A. Schultes) Hara
Galium boreale var. boreale Galium boreale var. boreale L.
Galium boreale var. hyssopifolium Galium boreale var. hyssopifolium (Hoffmann) DC.
Galium boreale var. intermedium Galium boreale var. intermedium Dc.
Galium boreale var. linearifolium Galium boreale var. linearifolium Rydb.
Galium boreale var. scabrum Galium boreale var. scabrum Dc.
Galium boreale var. septentrionalis Galium boreale var. septentrionalis (Roem. & Schult.) H. Hara
Galium boreale var. typicum Galium boreale var. typicum G. Beck
Galium hyssopifolium Galium hyssopifolium Hoffmann
Galium septentrionale Galium septentrionale Roemer & J.A. Schultes
Galium strictum Galium strictum Torr.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort.

Counties included on distribution map: Smith (TN)

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: HTTU

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Accession No. (click for full details) County State Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
HTTU015522 Smith Tennessee
Galium boreale
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