Viola septentrionalis

Family (Traditional)Violaceae
Species:Viola septentrionalis Greene
Common NameNorthern Woodland Violet
Growth Habitforb
Plant Notes**
CharacteristicsArmaments: No; Milky Sap: No; Photosynthetic: Yes; Stipules: Yes; Woody Herbaceous: Herbaceous; Duration: Perennial; General Ecology: Terrestrial; Growth Habit: forb; Region of Origin: North America; Reproductive Phenology: May; Reproductive Phenology: June; Leaf Arrangement: basal; Leaf Complexity: simple; Leaf Dissection: 0; Leaf Fragrance: No; Leaf Persistance: Deciduous; Leaf Petiole Type: petiolate; Leaf Type: broadleaf; Leaf Venation: palmate; Leaflet Number: 0; Base Flower Color: Blue; Fruit Dehiscence: Yes; Fruit Type: Capsule; Fruit Wet/Dry: Dry; Hypanthium Present: No; Ovary Position: Superior; Overall Flower Symmetry: Zygomorphic; Perianth Present: Yes; Petal Fusion: No; Petal Number: 5; Placentation Type: Parietal; Sepal Fusion: No; Sepal Number: 5; Sexuality: monoclinous; Sporangium Arrangement: N/A
C value
StatusNative; AGCP (FACU), EMP (FACU) (NWPL); TN[SNR] (State Rank); G5 (Global Rank)
Specimen(s) View and Download Specimen Details »

** Not applicable or data not available.

Currently no photos are available for this plant.

Species Distribution Map

This species has been reported in the counties highlighted in the interactive distribution map below. Click on a county to display the its name. Click the question mark icon () to view additional information about the ecoregions shown. In the map legend, there are links to toggle the visibility of the ecoregions and/or their labels. In addition, clicking on an ecoregion name will highlight that region on the map.

  • State Boundaries
  • Counties
  • Counties - Species Present
  • Southeastern Plains
    • Blackland Prarie
  • Blue Ridge Mountains
  • Ridge and Valley
  • Cumberland Plateau
  • Cumberland Mountains
  • Allegheny Plateau
  • Interior Plateau
    • Bluegrass Region
    • Nashville Basin
    • Pennyroyal Karst Plain
    • Western Highland Rim
    • Eastern Highland Rim


SynonymFull Citation
Viola champlainensis Viola X champlainensis House
Viola floridana Viola floridana Brainerd
Viola insessa Viola X insessa House
Viola latiuscula Viola latiuscula Greene
Viola melissifolia Viola X melissifolia Greene
Viola montivaga Viola X montivaga House
Viola napae Viola X napae House
Viola palmata var. sororia Viola palmata var. sororia (Willd.) Pollard
Viola papilionacea Viola papilionacea Pursh
Viola papilionacea f. albiflora Viola papilionacea f. albiflora Grover
Viola papilionacea var. priceana Viola papilionacea var. priceana (Pollard) Alexander
Viola priceana Viola priceana Pollard
Viola septentrionalis Viola septentrionalis Greene
Viola septentrionalis var. grisea Viola septentrionalis var. grisea Fernald
Viola sororia Viola sororia Willd.
Viola subaffinis Viola X subaffinis House

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort.

Counties included on distribution map: Coffee (TN), Fayette (TN), Hamilton (TN), Shelby (TN), White (TN)

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: HTTU, UCHT

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Accession No. (click for full details) County State Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
UCHT019957 Hamilton Tennessee
Viola papilionacea
UCHT019952 Hamilton Tennessee
Viola papilionacea
UCHT019947 Coffee Tennessee
Viola papilionacea
UCHT019946 Hamilton Tennessee
Viola papilionacea
UCHT020161 Hamilton Tennessee
Viola septentrionalis
UCHT019960 Hamilton Tennessee
Viola papilionacea
UCHT019965 Hamilton Tennessee
Viola papilionacea
UCHT020160 Hamilton Tennessee
Viola septentrionalis
UCHT019951 Hamilton Tennessee
Viola papilionacea
UCHT019964 Hamilton Tennessee
Viola papilionacea
UCHT019990 Tennessee
Viola papilionacea
HTTU016996 White Tennessee
Viola septentrionalis
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