Rubus bifrons

ClassificationDicots
FamilyRosaceae
Family (Traditional)Rosaceae
GenusRubus
Species:Rubus bifrons Vest ex Tratt.
Common NameEuropean Blackberry; Himalayan Berry
Growth Habitshrub
Plant Notes**
CharacteristicsArmaments: Yes; Milky Sap: No; Photosynthetic: Yes; Stipules: Yes; Woody Herbaceous: Woody; Natural Area Presence: DRU; Natural Area Presence: GILES; Natural Area Presence: LC; Natural Area Presence: LGS; Natural Area Presence: TRG; Duration: Perennial; General Ecology: Terrestrial; Growth Habit: shrub; Region of Origin: Europe; Reproductive Phenology: May; Reproductive Phenology: June; Reproductive Phenology: July; Leaf Arrangement: alternate; Leaf Complexity: compound; Leaf Dissection: 1; Leaf Fragrance: No; Leaf Persistance: Evergreen; Leaf Persistance: Tardily Deciduous; Leaf Petiole Type: petiolate; Leaf Type: broadleaf; Leaf Venation: palmate; Leaf Venation: ternate; Leaflet Margins: doubly serrate; Leaflet Number: 3; Leaflet Number: 5; Base Flower Color: Pink; Base Flower Color: White; Fruit Dehiscence: No; Fruit Type: Aggregate; Fruit Type: Berry; Fruit Type: Drupe; Fruit Wet/Dry: Wet; Hypanthium Present: Yes; Ovary Position: Superior; Overall Flower Symmetry: Actinomorphic; Perianth Present: Yes; Petal Fusion: No; Petal Number: 5; Pistil Number: 4; Pistil Number: 5; Pistil Number: 6; Pistil Number: 7; Pistil Number: 8; Pistil Number: 9; Pistil Number: 10; Pistil Number: 11; Pistil Number: 12; Pistil Number: 13+; Sepal Fusion: No; Sepal Number: 5; Sexuality: monoclinous; Sporangium Arrangement: N/A; Stamen Number: 13+
C value N/A
StatusNot Native; TN[SNA] KY[SNA] (State Rank); G5 (Global Rank)
Specimen(s) View and Download Specimen Details »

** Not applicable or data not available.

Species Distribution Map

This species has been reported in the counties highlighted in the interactive distribution map below. Click on a county to display the its name. Click the question mark icon () to view additional information about the ecoregions shown. In the map legend, there are links to toggle the visibility of the ecoregions and/or their labels. In addition, clicking on an ecoregion name will highlight that region on the map.

  • State Boundaries
  • Counties
  • Counties - Species Present
Ecoregions
  • Southeastern Plains
    • Blackland Prarie
  • Blue Ridge Mountains
  • Ridge and Valley
  • Cumberland Plateau
  • Cumberland Mountains
  • Allegheny Plateau
  • Interior Plateau
    • Bluegrass Region
    • Nashville Basin
    • Pennyroyal Karst Plain
    • Western Highland Rim
    • Eastern Highland Rim

Synonyms

No synonyms exist for this species.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort.

Counties included on distribution map: Fulton (KY), Trigg (KY), Claiborne (TN), Davidson (TN), Fentress (TN), Giles (TN), Hamilton (TN), Hawkins (TN), Humphreys (TN), Knox (TN), Lawrence (TN), Madison (TN), Marion (TN), Maury (TN), Meigs (TN), Obion (TN), Polk (TN), Rutherford (TN), Sequatchie (TN), Stewart (TN), Sullivan (TN)

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: APSC, EKY, TENN, UCHT, ETSU, MTSU

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1985 - 2019

Accession No. (click for full details) County State Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
TENN-V-0117044 Stewart Tennessee
TENN
Rubus bifrons
TENN-V-0117033 Hamilton Tennessee
TENN
Rubus bifrons
TENN-V-0117042 Rutherford Tennessee
TENN
Rubus bifrons
TENN-V-0117043 Sequatchie Tennessee
TENN
Rubus bifrons
TENN-V-0117041 Polk Tennessee
TENN
Rubus bifrons
TENN-V-0117037 Marion Tennessee
TENN
Rubus bifrons
TENN-V-0117032 Hamilton Tennessee
TENN
Rubus bifrons
TENN-V-0117031 Giles Tennessee
TENN
Rubus bifrons
TENN-V-0117040 Obion Tennessee
TENN
Rubus bifrons
TENN-V-0117034 Knox Tennessee
TENN
Rubus bifrons
UCHT015233 Stewart Tennessee
UCHT
Rubus bifrons
UCHT015232 Lawrence Tennessee
UCHT
Rubus bifrons
APSC0004631 Humphreys Tennessee 06 Jun 2002 Stephanie M. Gunn with E.W. Chester
469
APSC
Rubus bifrons
APSC0055941 Stewart Tennessee
APSC
Rubus bifrons
APSC0070404 Fulton Kentucky 08 Oct 1986 Max Medley
APSC
Rubus bifrons
31234100635406 Fulton Kentucky 21 May 1985 Raymond Athey
5090
EKY
Rubus bifrons
TENN-V-0117036 Madison Tennessee
TENN
Rubus bifrons
TENN-V-0117029 Davidson Tennessee
TENN
Rubus bifrons
TENN-V-0117038 Meigs Tennessee
TENN
Rubus bifrons
TENN-V-0117039 Obion Tennessee
TENN
Rubus bifrons
TENN-V-0117045 Sullivan Tennessee
TENN
Rubus bifrons
TENN-V-0117035 Knox Tennessee
TENN
Rubus bifrons
TENN-V-0117030 Fentress Tennessee
TENN
Rubus bifrons
APSC0004630 Obion Tennessee 14 May 1986 Milo Guthrie, with Paul Somers
868
APSC
Rubus bifrons
APSC0055942 Stewart Tennessee
APSC
Rubus bifrons
APSC0004632 Maury Tennessee 09 Jul 2000 Dwayne Estes
809
APSC
Rubus bifrons
APSC0004627 Stewart Tennessee 30 Jul 2002 Edward W. Chester
14547
APSC
Rubus bifrons
MTSU008422 Maury Tennessee 13 Jul 2001 Dwayne Estes
MTSU
Rubus bifrons
N/A Hawkins Tennessee 25 Jun 2019 Frosty Levy, Elaine Walker
ETSU
Rubus bifrons
APSC0069102 Trigg Kentucky 13 Oct 2017 Edward Chester
APSC
Rubus bifrons
APSC0082887 Claiborne Tennessee
APSC
Rubus bifrons
MTSU008421 Maury Tennessee 13 Jul 2001 Dwayne Estes
MTSU
Rubus bifrons
ETSU026305 Hawkins Tennessee 25 Jun 2019 Frosty Levy, Elaine Walker
19470
ETSU
Rubus bifrons
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Plant Photos

Rubus bifrons - Milo Pyne
Rubus bifrons - Milo Pyne
Rubus bifrons - Joey Shaw
Rubus bifrons - Joey Shaw
Rubus bifrons - Joey Shaw
Rubus bifrons - Joey Shaw