Verbena officinalis

ClassificationDicots
FamilyVerbenaceae
Family (Traditional)Verbenaceae
GenusVerbena
Species:Verbena officinalis L.
Common NameEuropean Vervain; Herb Of The Cross
Growth Habitforb
Plant Notes**
CharacteristicsArmaments: No; Milky Sap: No; Photosynthetic: Yes; Stipules: No; Woody Herbaceous: Herbaceous; Duration: Annual; General Ecology: Terrestrial; Growth Habit: forb; Moisture Requirements: Dry-mesic; Moisture Requirements: Mesic; Region of Origin: Europe; Reproductive Phenology: June; Reproductive Phenology: July; Reproductive Phenology: August; Reproductive Phenology: September; Reproductive Phenology: October; Leaf Arrangement: opposite; Leaf Complexity: simple; Leaf Dissection: 0; Leaf Dissection: 0.5; Leaf Fragrance: No; Leaf Persistance: Deciduous; Leaf Petiole Type: subpetiolate; Leaf Type: broadleaf; Leaflet Margins: dentate; Leaflet Margins: lobed; Leaflet Number: 0; Anther Type: Dorsifixed; Base Flower Color: Blue; Carpel Number/Pistil: 2; Fruit Dehiscence: Yes; Fruit Type: Schizocarp; Fruit Wet/Dry: Dry; Overall Flower Symmetry: Actinomorphic; Ovules per Carpel: 4; Petal Number: 5; Pistil Number: 1; Placentation Type: Marginal; Sexuality: monoclinous; Sporangium Arrangement: N/A; Stamen Number: 4
C value N/A
StatusNot Native; AGCP (FACU), EMP (FACU) (NWPL); TN[SNA] KY[SNA] (State Rank); GNR (Global Rank)
Specimen(s) View and Download Specimen Details »

** Not applicable or data not available.

Currently no photos are available for this plant.

Species Distribution Map

This species has been reported in the counties highlighted in the interactive distribution map below. Click on a county to display the its name. Click the question mark icon () to view additional information about the ecoregions shown. In the map legend, there are links to toggle the visibility of the ecoregions and/or their labels. In addition, clicking on an ecoregion name will highlight that region on the map.

  • State Boundaries
  • Counties
  • Counties - Species Present
Ecoregions
  • Southeastern Plains
    • Blackland Prarie
  • Blue Ridge Mountains
  • Ridge and Valley
  • Cumberland Plateau
  • Cumberland Mountains
  • Allegheny Plateau
  • Interior Plateau
    • Bluegrass Region
    • Nashville Basin
    • Pennyroyal Karst Plain
    • Western Highland Rim
    • Eastern Highland Rim

Synonyms

No synonyms exist for this species.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort.

Counties included on distribution map: Carroll (TN), Hamilton (TN), Knox (TN), Marion (TN), Putnam (TN)

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: HTTU, UCHT

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1897 - 1987

Accession No. (click for full details) County State Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
UCHT038897 Hamilton Tennessee
UCHT
Verbena officinalis
N/A Knox Tennessee A. Ruth
UCHT
Verbena officinalis
N/A Knox Tennessee A. Ruth
UCHT
Verbena officinalis
UCHT023553 Marion Tennessee
UCHT
Verbena officinalis
HTTU016753 Putnam Tennessee
HTTU
Verbena officinalis
N/A Carroll Tennessee 05 Aug 1897 H. Eggert
UCHT
Verbena officinalis
N/A Carroll Tennessee 05 Aug 1897 H. Eggert
UCHT
Verbena officinalis
N/A Carroll Tennessee 05 Aug 1897 H. Eggert
UCHT
Verbena officinalis
N/A Carroll Tennessee 05 Aug 1987 H. Eggert
UCHT
Verbena officinalis
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