Cynoglossum officinale

ClassificationDicots
FamilyBoraginaceae
Family (Traditional)Boraginaceae
GenusCynoglossum
Species:Cynoglossum officinale L.
Common NameHounds Tongue; Garden Gromwell; Gypsyflower
Growth Habitforb
Plant Notes**
CharacteristicsArmaments: No; Milky Sap: No; Photosynthetic: Yes; Stipules: No; Woody Herbaceous: Herbaceous; Duration: Perennial; General Ecology: Terrestrial; Growth Habit: forb; Moisture Requirements: Xeric; Moisture Requirements: Sub-xeric; Moisture Requirements: Dry-mesic; Moisture Requirements: Mesic; Region of Origin: Asia; Region of Origin: Europe; Reproductive Phenology: May; Reproductive Phenology: June; Reproductive Phenology: July; Leaf Arrangement: alternate; Leaf Complexity: simple; Leaf Dissection: 0; Leaf Fragrance: Yes; Leaf Persistance: Deciduous; Leaf Petiole Type: petiolate; Leaf Type: broadleaf; Leaf Venation: pinnate; Leaflet Margins: entire; Leaflet Number: 0; Base Flower Color: Pink; Base Flower Color: Purple; Base Flower Color: Red; Fruit Dehiscence: No; Fruit Type: Schizocarp; Fruit Wet/Dry: Dry; Hypanthium Present: No; Inflorescence Position: terminal; Inflorescence Types: corymb/cyme/umbel; Overall Flower Symmetry: Actinomorphic; Perianth Present: Yes; Pistil Number: 1; Placentation Type: Axillary; Sexuality: monoclinous; Sporangium Arrangement: N/A; Stamen Number: 5
C value N/A
StatusNot Native; AGCP (UPL), EMP (UPL) (NWPL); TN[SNA] KY[SNA] (State Rank); GNR (Global Rank)
Specimen(s) View and Download Specimen Details »

** Not applicable or data not available.

Currently no photos are available for this plant.

Species Distribution Map

This species has been reported in the counties highlighted in the interactive distribution map below. Click on a county to display the its name. Click the question mark icon () to view additional information about the ecoregions shown. In the map legend, there are links to toggle the visibility of the ecoregions and/or their labels. In addition, clicking on an ecoregion name will highlight that region on the map.

  • State Boundaries
  • Counties
  • Counties - Species Present
Ecoregions
  • Southeastern Plains
    • Blackland Prarie
  • Blue Ridge Mountains
  • Ridge and Valley
  • Cumberland Plateau
  • Cumberland Mountains
  • Allegheny Plateau
  • Interior Plateau
    • Bluegrass Region
    • Nashville Basin
    • Pennyroyal Karst Plain
    • Western Highland Rim
    • Eastern Highland Rim

Synonyms

No synonyms exist for this species.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort.

Counties included on distribution map: Bell (KY), Carter (KY), Fayette (KY), Livingston (KY), Bledsoe (TN), Blount (TN), Carter (TN), Cumberland (TN), DeKalb (TN), Fentress (TN), Knox (TN), Putnam (TN), Shelby (TN), Washington (TN), Wayne (TN), Weakley (TN)

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: BOON, EKY, ETSU, HTTU, MDKY, MEM, SWMT, TENN, UCHT, UTM, VDB

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1957 - 2005

Accession No. (click for full details) County State Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
MDKY00008351 Carter Kentucky
MDKY
Cynoglossum officinale
TENN-V-0183061 Bledsoe Tennessee
TENN
Cynoglossum officinale
TENN-V-0183064 Wayne Tennessee
TENN
Cynoglossum officinale
011990 Blount Tennessee
BOON
Cynoglossum officinale
HTTU030769 Putnam Tennessee
HTTU
Cynoglossum officinale
HTTU005347 Putnam Tennessee
HTTU
Cynoglossum officinale
HTTU005346 DeKalb Tennessee
HTTU
Cynoglossum officinale
HTTU005348 Putnam Tennessee
HTTU
Cynoglossum officinale
HTTU013468 DeKalb Tennessee
HTTU
Cynoglossum officinale
BRIT100616 Tennessee
VDB
Cynoglossum officinale
SWMT03275 Shelby Tennessee 15 Apr 1957 Clara Ann Marmann
SWMT
Cynoglossum officinale
ETSU034432 Carter Tennessee
ETSU
Cynoglossum officinale
MEM000980 Shelby Tennessee 25 Jun 1959 Ellen McGowan
s.n.
MEM
Cynoglossum officinale
MEM000983 Shelby Tennessee 03 Apr 1963 Rose Powell
s.n.
MEM
Cynoglossum officinale
MEM000982 Shelby Tennessee 12 Jun 1962 J.G. Phillips
s.n.
MEM
Cynoglossum officinale
31234100750353 Bell Kentucky 01 May 2005 Amy V. McIntosh
720
EKY
Cynoglossum officinale
MDKY00008350 Fayette Kentucky
MDKY
Cynoglossum officinale
TENN-V-0183063 Knox Tennessee
TENN
Cynoglossum officinale
TENN-V-0183062 Fentress Tennessee
TENN
Cynoglossum officinale
HTTU034900 Putnam Tennessee
HTTU
Cynoglossum officinale
HTTU005349 Tennessee
HTTU
Cynoglossum officinale
UCHT034254 Cumberland Tennessee
UCHT
Cynoglossum officinale
UTM01510 Weakley Tennessee
UTM
Cynoglossum officinale
BRIT100618 Tennessee
VDB
Cynoglossum officinale
BRIT100615 Tennessee
VDB
Cynoglossum officinale
BRIT100617 Tennessee
VDB
Cynoglossum officinale
ETSU013860 Tennessee
ETSU
Cynoglossum officinale
ETSU013859 Washington Tennessee
ETSU
Cynoglossum officinale
MEM005736 Livingston Kentucky 21 Jul 1970 Raymond Athey
1122
MEM
Cynoglossum officinale
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