Prunella vulgaris ssp. lanceolata

Family (Traditional)Lamiaceae
Species: Prunella vulgaris
Infraspecies:Prunella vulgaris (W. Barton) Hulten ssp. lanceolata
Common NameAmerican Selfheal; Lance Selfheal
Growth Habitforb
Plant Notes**
CharacteristicsArmaments: No; Milky Sap: No; Photosynthetic: Yes; Stipules: No; Woody Herbaceous: Herbaceous; Duration: Perennial; General Ecology: Terrestrial; Growth Habit: forb; Region of Origin: North America; Reproductive Phenology: April; Reproductive Phenology: May; Reproductive Phenology: June; Reproductive Phenology: July; Reproductive Phenology: August; Reproductive Phenology: September; Reproductive Phenology: October; Leaf Arrangement: opposite; Leaf Complexity: simple; Leaf Persistance: Deciduous; Leaflet Number: 0; Anther Type: Dorsifixed; Base Flower Color: Purple; Carpel Number/Pistil: 2; Fruit Dehiscence: No; Fruit Type: Nut; Fruit Type: Nutlet; Fruit Type: Schizocarp; Fruit Wet/Dry: Dry; Hypanthium Present: No; Ovary Position: Superior; Overall Flower Symmetry: Zygomorphic; Ovules per Carpel: 2; Perianth Present: Yes; Placentation Type: Axillary; Sexuality: monoclinous; Sporangium Arrangement: N/A; Stamen Number: 4
C value N/A
StatusNot Native; TN[SNR] KY[SNA] (State Rank); G5T5 (Global Rank)

** Not applicable or data not available.

Currently no photos are available for this plant.

Species Distribution Map

This species has been reported in the counties highlighted in the interactive distribution map below. Click on a county to display the its name. Click the question mark icon () to view additional information about the ecoregions shown. In the map legend, there are links to toggle the visibility of the ecoregions and/or their labels. In addition, clicking on an ecoregion name will highlight that region on the map.

  • State Boundaries
  • Counties
  • Counties - Species Present
  • Southeastern Plains
    • Blackland Prarie
  • Blue Ridge Mountains
  • Ridge and Valley
  • Cumberland Plateau
  • Cumberland Mountains
  • Allegheny Plateau
  • Interior Plateau
    • Bluegrass Region
    • Nashville Basin
    • Pennyroyal Karst Plain
    • Western Highland Rim
    • Eastern Highland Rim


SynonymFull Citation
Prunella vulgaris f. alba Prunella vulgaris f. alba J.C.Nelson
Prunella vulgaris f. candida Prunella vulgaris f. candida Fernald
Prunella vulgaris f. iodocalyx Prunella vulgaris f. iodocalyx Fernald
Prunella vulgaris var. albiflora Prunella vulgaris var. albiflora
Prunella vulgaris var. elongata Prunella vulgaris var. elongata Benth.
Prunella vulgaris var. lanceolata Prunella vulgaris var. lanceolata (W. P. C. Barton) Fernald
Prunella vulgaris var. scaberrima Prunella vulgaris var. scaberrima Pollard & C.R.Ball

Specimens and Distribution

No specimens exist for this species.

Plant Photos