Trillium tennesseense

Family (Traditional)Liliaceae
Species:Trillium tennesseense E. E. Schill. & Floden
Common NameSouthern red trillium
Growth Habitforb
Plant Notes**
CharacteristicsArmaments: No; Milky Sap: No; Photosynthetic: Yes; Stipules: No; Woody Herbaceous: Herbaceous; Duration: Perennial; General Ecology: Terrestrial; Growth Habit: forb; Region of Origin: North America; Reproductive Phenology: April; Reproductive Phenology: May; Reproductive Phenology: June; Leaf Arrangement: whorled; Leaf Complexity: simple; Leaf Dissection: 0; Leaf Fragrance: No; Leaf Persistance: Deciduous; Leaf Petiole Type: sessile; Leaf Type: broadleaf; Leaf Venation: palmate; Leaf Venation: pinnate; Leaflet Margins: entire; Leaflet Number: 0; Anther Type: Basifixed; Base Flower Color: Yellow; Carpel Number/Pistil: 3; Fruit Dehiscence: No; Fruit Type: Berry; Fruit Type: Capsule; Fruit Wet/Dry: Dry; Fruit Wet/Dry: Wet; Hypanthium Present: No; Inflorescence Position: terminal; Inflorescence Types: solitary; Ovary Position: Superior; Overall Flower Symmetry: Actinomorphic; Perianth Present: Yes; Petal Fusion: No; Petal Number: 3; Pistil Complexity: Compound; Pistil Number: 1; Placentation Type: Axillary; Placentation Type: Parietal; Placentation Type: Need more information; Sepal Fusion: No; Sepal Number: 3; Sexuality: monoclinous; Sporangium Arrangement: N/A; Stamen Number: 6; Tepal Fusion: No; Tepal Number: 0
C value 10
StatusNative; TN[S1] (State Rank); G1 (Global Rank)
Specimen(s) View and Download Specimen Details »

** Not applicable or data not available.

Currently no photos are available for this plant.

Species Distribution Map

This species has been reported in the counties highlighted in the interactive distribution map below. Click on a county to display the its name. Click the question mark icon () to view additional information about the ecoregions shown. In the map legend, there are links to toggle the visibility of the ecoregions and/or their labels. In addition, clicking on an ecoregion name will highlight that region on the map.

  • State Boundaries
  • Counties
  • Counties - Species Present
  • Southeastern Plains
    • Blackland Prarie
  • Blue Ridge Mountains
  • Ridge and Valley
  • Cumberland Plateau
  • Cumberland Mountains
  • Allegheny Plateau
  • Interior Plateau
    • Bluegrass Region
    • Nashville Basin
    • Pennyroyal Karst Plain
    • Western Highland Rim
    • Eastern Highland Rim


SynonymFull Citation
Trillium lancifolium Trillium lancifolium Raf.
Trillium recurvatum var. lanceolatum Trillium recurvatum var. lanceolatum S.Watson
Trillium tennesseense Trillium tennesseense E.E.Schill. & Floden

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort.

Counties included on distribution map: Hamblen (TN), Hawkins (TN)

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: APSC, TENN, UCHT

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Accession No. (click for full details) County State Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
TENN-V-0069404 Hawkins Tennessee
Trillium tennesseense
TENN-V-0241976 Hamblen Tennessee
Trillium tennesseense
APSC0040770 Hawkins Tennessee
Trillium tennesseense
UCHT036214 Hawkins Tennessee
Trillium tennesseense
UCHT039425 Hawkins Tennessee
Trillium tennesseense
TENN-V-0069402 Hawkins Tennessee
Trillium tennesseense
TENN-V-0241977 Hamblen Tennessee
Trillium tennesseense
TENN-V-0241978 Hawkins Tennessee
Trillium tennesseense
TENN-V-0069403 Hawkins Tennessee
Trillium tennesseense
TENN-V-0069401 Hawkins Tennessee
Trillium tennesseense
TENN-V-0241979 Hawkins Tennessee
Trillium tennesseense
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