Cenchrus spinifex

Family (Traditional)Poaceae
Species:Cenchrus spinifex Cav.
Common NameCoastal Sandbur
Growth Habitgraminoid
Plant Notes**
CharacteristicsArmaments: Yes; Milky Sap: No; Photosynthetic: Yes; Stipules: No; Woody Herbaceous: Herbaceous; Duration: Annual; Duration: Perennial; General Ecology: Terrestrial; Growth Habit: graminoid; Moisture Requirements: Xeric; Moisture Requirements: Sub-xeric; Moisture Requirements: Dry-mesic; Region of Origin: North America; Reproductive Phenology: July; Reproductive Phenology: August; Reproductive Phenology: September; Leaf Arrangement: alternate; Leaf Arrangement: basal; Leaf Complexity: simple; Leaf Dissection: 0; Leaf Persistance: Deciduous; Leaf Petiole Type: sessile; Leaf Type: grass-like; Leaf Venation: parallel; Leaflet Margins: entire; Leaflet Number: 0; Base Flower Color: Brown (incl. Maroon); Base Flower Color: Green; Fruit Dehiscence: No; Fruit Type: Caryopsis; Fruit Type: Grain; Fruit Wet/Dry: Dry; Hypanthium Present: No; Ovary Position: Superior; Overall Flower Symmetry: N/A; Perianth Present: No; Placentation Type: Parietal; Placentation Type: Basal; Sporangium Arrangement: N/A
C value 0
StatusNative; GNR (Global Rank)
Specimen(s) View and Download Specimen Details »

** Not applicable or data not available.

Currently no photos are available for this plant.

Species Distribution Map

This species has been reported in the counties highlighted in the interactive distribution map below. Click on a county to display the its name. Click the question mark icon () to view additional information about the ecoregions shown. In the map legend, there are links to toggle the visibility of the ecoregions and/or their labels. In addition, clicking on an ecoregion name will highlight that region on the map.

  • State Boundaries
  • Counties
  • Counties - Species Present
  • Southeastern Plains
    • Blackland Prarie
  • Blue Ridge Mountains
  • Ridge and Valley
  • Cumberland Plateau
  • Cumberland Mountains
  • Allegheny Plateau
  • Interior Plateau
    • Bluegrass Region
    • Nashville Basin
    • Pennyroyal Karst Plain
    • Western Highland Rim
    • Eastern Highland Rim


SynonymFull Citation
Cenchrus incertus Cenchrus incertus M.A. Curtis
Cenchrus parviceps Cenchrus parviceps Shinners
Cenchrus pauciflorus Cenchrus pauciflorus Benth.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort.

Counties included on distribution map: Ballard (KY), Campbell (KY), Greenup (KY), McCracken (KY), Lake (TN), Monroe (TN)

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: APSC, EKY, KNK, MEM, TENN

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1972 - 1984

Accession No. (click for full details) County State Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
APSC0034359 Monroe Tennessee
Cenchrus incertus
N/A Tennessee 16 Jul 1984 Henry R. DeSelm
Cenchrus pauciflorus
TENN-V-0024657 McCracken Kentucky
Cenchrus pauciflorus
TENN-V-0024594 Lake Tennessee
Cenchrus incertus
31973000021253 Campbell Kentucky 31 Jul 1982 Buddell, George
Cenchrus incertus
N/A Tennessee 16 Jul 1984 Henry R. DeSelm
Cenchrus pauciflorus
MEM008292 McCracken Kentucky 06 Jul 1974 Raymond Athey
Cenchrus spinifex
31973000021257 Greenup Kentucky 08 Aug 1982 Thieret, John
Cenchrus incertus
N/A Tennessee 16 Jul 1984 Henry R. DeSelm
Cenchrus pauciflorus
MEM006194 Ballard Kentucky 04 Aug 1972 Raymond Athey
Cenchrus spinifex
First Page Previous Page Next Page Last Page
Records per Page:

Plant Photos