Senna obtusifolia

ClassificationDicots
FamilyFabaceae
Family (Traditional)Fabaceae
GenusSenna
Species:Senna obtusifolia (L.) H. S. Irwin & Barneby
Common NameCoffee Weed; Coffeeweed; Java Bean; Low Senna; Matapasto; Sicklepod
Growth Habitforb
Plant Notes**
CharacteristicsArmaments: No; Milky Sap: No; Photosynthetic: Yes; Stipules: Yes; Woody Herbaceous: Herbaceous; Natural Area Presence: DRU; Natural Area Presence: GILES; Natural Area Presence: GRSM; Natural Area Presence: LC; Natural Area Presence: LGS; Natural Area Presence: LRC; Natural Area Presence: WOLF; Duration: Annual; Duration: Perennial; General Ecology: Terrestrial; Growth Habit: subshrub; Moisture Requirements: Mesic; Region of Origin: North America; Region of Origin: South America; Reproductive Phenology: April; Reproductive Phenology: May; Reproductive Phenology: June; Leaf Arrangement: alternate; Leaf Complexity: compound; Leaf Dissection: 1; Leaf Fragrance: No; Leaf Persistance: Deciduous; Leaf Petiole Type: petiolate; Leaf Type: broadleaf; Leaf Venation: pinnate; Leaflet Margins: entire; Leaflet Number: 6; Anther Type: Basifixed; Base Flower Color: Yellow; Carpel Number/Pistil: 1; Fruit Complexity: Simple; Fruit Dehiscence: Yes; Fruit Type: Legume; Fruit Wet/Dry: Dry; Hypanthium Present: Yes; Inflorescence Types: raceme; Ovary Position: Superior; Overall Flower Symmetry: Zygomorphic; Perianth Present: Yes; Petal Number: 5; Pistil Complexity: Simple; Pistil Number: 1; Placentation Type: Parietal; Sepal Number: 5; Sporangium Arrangement: N/A; Stamen Number: 7
C value N/A
StatusNot Native; AGCP (FACU), EMP (FACU) (NWPL); TN[SNR] KY[S4S5] (State Rank); G5 (Global Rank)
Specimen(s) View and Download Specimen Details »

** Not applicable or data not available.

Species Distribution Map

This species has been reported in the counties highlighted in the interactive distribution map below. Click on a county to display the its name. Click the question mark icon () to view additional information about the ecoregions shown. In the map legend, there are links to toggle the visibility of the ecoregions and/or their labels. In addition, clicking on an ecoregion name will highlight that region on the map.

  • State Boundaries
  • Counties
  • Counties - Species Present
Ecoregions
  • Southeastern Plains
    • Blackland Prarie
  • Blue Ridge Mountains
  • Ridge and Valley
  • Cumberland Plateau
  • Cumberland Mountains
  • Allegheny Plateau
  • Interior Plateau
    • Bluegrass Region
    • Nashville Basin
    • Pennyroyal Karst Plain
    • Western Highland Rim
    • Eastern Highland Rim

Synonyms

SynonymFull Citation
Cassia obtusifolia Cassia obtusifolia L.
Cassia tora Cassia tora L.
Emelista tora Emelista tora Britton & Rose

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort.

Counties included on distribution map: Ballard (KY), Butler (KY), Cumberland (KY), Edmonson (KY), Jackson (KY), McCracken (KY), Madison (KY), Marshall (KY), Metcalfe (KY), Muhlenberg (KY), Trigg (KY), Anderson (TN), Benton (TN), Bledsoe (TN), Campbell (TN), Cannon (TN), Cheatham (TN), Clay (TN), Davidson (TN), Decatur (TN), DeKalb (TN), Dyer (TN), Franklin (TN), Giles (TN), Hamblen (TN), Hamilton (TN), Hardin (TN), Henderson (TN), Henry (TN), Humphreys (TN), Jackson (TN), Knox (TN), Lake (TN), McMinn (TN), Marion (TN), Montgomery (TN), Overton (TN), Perry (TN), Polk (TN), Roane (TN), Rutherford (TN), Sequatchie (TN), Shelby (TN), Stewart (TN), Trousdale (TN), Union (TN), Warren (TN), White (TN), Wilson (TN)

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ETSU, MEM, UOS, VDB, APSC, BEREA, EKY, HTTU, TENN, UCHT

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1962 - 2005

Accession No. (click for full details) County State Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
31234100070596 Edmonson Kentucky 23 Apr 1980 Richard H. Hannan
3483
EKY
Cassia tora
31234100433042 McMinn Tennessee 23 Sep 1993 D. Collinsworth
215
EKY
Senna obtusifolia
31234100432994 Cumberland Kentucky 07 Sep 1997 Ross C. Clark
23788
EKY
Senna obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122566 Knox Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122562 Knox Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122545 Cheatham Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122546 Davidson Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122564 Knox Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122565 Knox Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122551 Decatur Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122554 Franklin Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122568 Marion Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122560 Henderson Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122575 Union Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122553 DeKalb Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
31234100070612 Jackson Kentucky 01 Jun 1993 Joe Abner
93-105
EKY
Cassia tora
31234100433018 McCracken Kentucky 22 Aug 1985 Patricia Dalton
1361
EKY
Senna obtusifolia
31234100433000 Cumberland Kentucky 05 Oct 1997 James B. Beck
384
EKY
Senna obtusifolia
BEREA014098 Madison Kentucky
BEREA
Senna obtusifolia
ETSU008392 Anderson Tennessee
ETSU
Cassia tora
TENN-V-0122570 Marion Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122543 Campbell Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122569 Marion Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122548 Davidson Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122547 Davidson Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0210135 Davidson Tennessee A. Gattinger
TENN
Cassia tora
TENN-V-0122542 Bledsoe Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122567 Lake Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122552 DeKalb Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122549 Davidson Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122574 Trousdale Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122561 Humphreys Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122558 Hardin Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122563 Jackson Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122556 Hamblen Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122559 Henry Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122576 White Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122571 Overton Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122541 Benton Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
UCHT016353 Marion Tennessee
UCHT
Senna obtusifolia
UCHT016352 Cheatham Tennessee
UCHT
Senna obtusifolia
UCHT016348 Marion Tennessee
UCHT
Senna obtusifolia
UCHT016346 Hamilton Tennessee
UCHT
Senna obtusifolia
UCHT016351 Hamilton Tennessee
UCHT
Senna obtusifolia
APSC0109434 Wilson Tennessee
APSC
Senna obtusifolia
APSC0014218 Humphreys Tennessee
APSC
Senna obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122555 Giles Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122540 Anderson Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122557 Hardin Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122577 White Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122544 Cannon Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122550 Davidson Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122572 Roane Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122578 Wilson Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
TENN-V-0122573 Rutherford Tennessee
TENN
Cassia obtusifolia
UCHT016350 Polk Tennessee
UCHT
Senna obtusifolia
UCHT016347 Hamilton Tennessee
UCHT
Senna obtusifolia
UCHT016345 Hamilton Tennessee
UCHT
Senna obtusifolia
UCHT016349 Polk Tennessee
UCHT
Senna obtusifolia
APSC0014212 Stewart Tennessee
APSC
Senna obtusifolia
APSC0084142 Ballard Kentucky
APSC
Senna obtusifolia
APSC0084395 Butler Kentucky
APSC
Senna obtusifolia
APSC0014210 Stewart Tennessee
APSC
Senna obtusifolia
APSC0014222 Montgomery Tennessee
APSC
Senna obtusifolia
APSC0014215 Cheatham Tennessee
APSC
Senna obtusifolia
APSC0014209 Trigg Kentucky
APSC
Senna obtusifolia
APSC0014216 Montgomery Tennessee
APSC
Senna obtusifolia
APSC0014219 Stewart Tennessee
APSC
Senna obtusifolia
APSC0014217 Montgomery Tennessee 08 Oct 1967
APSC
Senna obtusifolia
APSC0014211 Stewart Tennessee
APSC
Senna obtusifolia
APSC0014214 Cheatham Tennessee
APSC
Senna obtusifolia
APSC0014213 Davidson Tennessee
APSC
Senna obtusifolia
APSC0014220 Henry Tennessee
APSC
Senna obtusifolia
HTTU027032 Jackson Tennessee
HTTU
Senna obtusifolia
HTTU025273 Jackson Tennessee
HTTU
Senna obtusifolia
HTTU014800 Jackson Tennessee
HTTU
Cassia obtusifolia
HTTU023738 Tennessee
HTTU
Cassia obtusifolia
APSC0087005 Metcalfe Kentucky
APSC
Senna obtusifolia
APSC0014221 Davidson Tennessee
APSC
Senna obtusifolia
APSC0094031 Muhlenberg Kentucky
APSC
Senna obtusifolia
APSC0086897 Metcalfe Kentucky
APSC
Senna obtusifolia
APSC0084141 Marshall Kentucky
APSC
Senna obtusifolia
APSC0098597 Dyer Tennessee
APSC
Senna obtusifolia
HTTU014798 Jackson Tennessee
HTTU
Cassia obtusifolia
HTTU025270 Jackson Tennessee
HTTU
Senna obtusifolia
HTTU014796 Jackson Tennessee
HTTU
Cassia obtusifolia
HTTU025282 Jackson Tennessee
HTTU
Senna obtusifolia
HTTU027031 Jackson Tennessee
HTTU
Senna obtusifolia
HTTU014799 Tennessee
HTTU
Cassia obtusifolia
HTTU020855 Clay Tennessee
HTTU
Senna obtusifolia
HTTU025635 Jackson Tennessee
HTTU
Senna obtusifolia
TENN-V-0245217 Knox Tennessee
TENN
Senna obtusifolia
HTTU014802 Warren Tennessee
HTTU
Cassia tora
HTTU020854 Jackson Tennessee
HTTU
Senna obtusifolia
HTTU014795 Jackson Tennessee
HTTU
Cassia obtusifolia
HTTU014797 Jackson Tennessee
HTTU
Cassia obtusifolia
HTTU014801 Jackson Tennessee
HTTU
Cassia obtusifolia
UCHT036913 Sequatchie Tennessee
UCHT
Senna obtusifolia
UOS02902 Franklin Tennessee 22 Oct 2002 Yolande M. Gottfried
UOS
Senna obtusifolia
MEM009156 Shelby Tennessee 04 Nov 1972 John E. Thompson Jr.
1054
MEM
Senna obtusifolia
MEM006217 Marshall Kentucky 08 Sep 1973 Raymond Athey
2564
MEM
Senna obtusifolia
MEM004326 Perry Tennessee 15 Sep 1967 Elizabeth M. Browne, Edward T. Browne Jr.
T-25
MEM
Senna obtusifolia
BRIT299772 Ballard Kentucky
VDB
Cassia obtusifolia
UCHT036912 Sequatchie Tennessee
UCHT
Senna obtusifolia
UOS02901 Franklin Tennessee 20 Sep 2005 Mary P. Priestley
UOS
Senna obtusifolia
UOS02904 Franklin Tennessee 09 Aug 1962 Betty Powell Lackey
UOS
Senna obtusifolia
MEM006166 McCracken Kentucky 31 Aug 1973 Raymond Athey
2541
MEM
Senna obtusifolia
MEM012577 Ballard Kentucky 21 Sep 1977 Raymond Athey
3846
MEM
Senna obtusifolia
BRIT299773 McCracken Kentucky
VDB
Cassia obtusifolia
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Plant Photos

Senna obtusifolia - Dwayne Estes
Senna obtusifolia - Dwayne Estes
Senna obtusifolia - Joey Shaw
Senna obtusifolia - Joey Shaw
Senna obtusifolia - Joey Shaw
Senna obtusifolia - Joey Shaw
Senna obtusifolia - Joey Shaw
Senna obtusifolia - Joey Shaw
Senna obtusifolia - Joey Shaw
Senna obtusifolia - Joey Shaw
Senna obtusifolia - Joey Shaw
Senna obtusifolia - Joey Shaw
Senna obtusifolia - Milo Pyne
Senna obtusifolia - Milo Pyne
Senna obtusifolia - Joey Shaw
Senna obtusifolia - Joey Shaw
Senna obtusifolia - Joey Shaw
Senna obtusifolia - Joey Shaw
Senna obtusifolia - Joey Shaw
Senna obtusifolia - Joey Shaw