Populus balsamifera

Family (Traditional)Salicaceae
Species:Populus balsamifera L.
Common NameBalsam Poplar; Balsampappel
Growth Habittree
Plant Notes**
CharacteristicsArmaments: No; Milky Sap: No; Photosynthetic: Yes; Stipules: Yes; Woody Herbaceous: Woody; Duration: Perennial; General Ecology: Terrestrial; Growth Habit: tree; Region of Origin: North America; Reproductive Phenology: March; Reproductive Phenology: April; Leaf Arrangement: alternate; Leaf Complexity: simple; Leaf Dissection: 0; Leaf Fragrance: No; Leaf Persistance: Deciduous; Leaf Petiole Type: petiolate; Leaf Type: broadleaf; Leaf Venation: pinnate; Leaf Venation: pinnipalmate; Leaflet Margins: serrate; Leaflet Number: 0; Base Flower Color: Green; Fruit Dehiscence: Yes; Fruit Type: Capsule; Fruit Wet/Dry: Dry; Ovary Position: Superior; Overall Flower Symmetry: Actinomorphic; Pistil Number: 1; Sporangium Arrangement: N/A; Stamen Number: 13+
C value 4
StatusNative; AGCP (FACW), EMP (FACW) (NWPL); G5T5 (Global Rank)
Specimen(s) View and Download Specimen Details »

** Not applicable or data not available.

Currently no photos are available for this plant.

Species Distribution Map

This species has been reported in the counties highlighted in the interactive distribution map below. Click on a county to display the its name. Click the question mark icon () to view additional information about the ecoregions shown. In the map legend, there are links to toggle the visibility of the ecoregions and/or their labels. In addition, clicking on an ecoregion name will highlight that region on the map.

  • State Boundaries
  • Counties
  • Counties - Species Present
  • Southeastern Plains
    • Blackland Prarie
  • Blue Ridge Mountains
  • Ridge and Valley
  • Cumberland Plateau
  • Cumberland Mountains
  • Allegheny Plateau
  • Interior Plateau
    • Bluegrass Region
    • Nashville Basin
    • Pennyroyal Karst Plain
    • Western Highland Rim
    • Eastern Highland Rim


SynonymFull Citation
Populus tacanahaca var. candicans Populus tacanahaca var. candicans (Aiton) Stout
Populus tacanahaca var. lanceolata Populus tacanahaca var. lanceolata (Marshall) Farw.
Populus tacanahaca var. michauxii Populus tacanahaca var. michauxii (Dode) Farw.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort.

Counties included on distribution map: Carter (KY), Lewis (KY), Madison (KY), Menifee (KY), Pike (KY), Grainger (TN), Maury (TN), Polk (TN), Rutherford (TN), Warren (TN)

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: APSC, BEREA, EKY, KNK, MTSU, TENN

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1965 - 1998

Accession No. (click for full details) County State Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
31234100651262 Menifee Kentucky 25 Apr 1989 Ross C. Clark
Populus balsamifera
31234100651361 Grainger Tennessee 15 Aug 1992 Henry R. DeSelm
Populus balsamifera
31234100651221 Carter Kentucky 30 Jul 1965 Elizabeth M. Browne
Populus balsamifera
31234100651270 Menifee Kentucky 06 Sep 1989 Ross C. Clark
Populus balsamifera
31234100651296 Menifee Kentucky 06 Sep 1989 Ross C. Clark
Populus balsamifera
BEREA021739 Madison Kentucky
Populus balsamifera
31973000018666 Pike Kentucky
Populus balsamifera
31973000018667 Lewis Kentucky
Populus balsamifera
TENN-V-0075120 Polk Tennessee
Populus balsamifera
APSC0003733 Warren Tennessee 14 Jul 1967 CA Holt
Populus balsamifera
APSC0103149 Carter Kentucky
Populus balsamifera
APSC0003735 Polk Tennessee 14 May 1992 Milo Pyne
Populus balsamifera
MTSU011722 Rutherford Tennessee 11 Oct 1998 Sherry Prayter
Populus balsamifera
MTSU011721 Maury Tennessee 09 Nov 1988 Peggy Whaley
Populus balsamifera
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