Crataegus phaenopyrum

ClassificationDicots
FamilyRosaceae
Family (Traditional)Rosaceae
GenusCrataegus
Species:Crataegus phaenopyrum (L. f.) Medik.
Common NameWashington Hawthorn
Growth Habittree
Plant Notes**
CharacteristicsArmaments: Yes; Milky Sap: No; Photosynthetic: Yes; Stipules: Yes; Woody Herbaceous: Woody; Natural Area Presence: DRU; Duration: Perennial; General Ecology: Terrestrial; Growth Habit: tree; Moisture Requirements: Dry-mesic; Moisture Requirements: Mesic; Moisture Requirements: Mesic-Hydric; Moisture Requirements: Hydric; Moisture Requirements: Wetland; Region of Origin: North America; Reproductive Phenology: May; Reproductive Phenology: June; Leaf Arrangement: alternate; Leaf Complexity: simple; Leaf Dissection: 0; Leaf Fragrance: No; Leaf Persistance: Deciduous; Leaf Petiole Type: petiolate; Leaf Type: broadleaf; Leaf Venation: pinnate; Leaflet Margins: lobed; Leaflet Margins: serrulate; Leaflet Number: 0; Base Flower Color: White; Fruit Dehiscence: No; Fruit Type: Berry; Fruit Type: Pome; Fruit Wet/Dry: Wet; Hypanthium Present: Yes; Ovary Position: Inferior; Overall Flower Symmetry: Actinomorphic; Perianth Present: Yes; Petal Fusion: No; Petal Number: 5; Pistil Number: 1; Sepal Fusion: No; Sepal Number: 5; Sexuality: monoclinous; Sporangium Arrangement: N/A; Stamen Number: 13+
C value 8
StatusNative; AGCP (FAC), EMP (FAC) (NWPL); TN[SNR] KY[S5?] (State Rank); G4? (Global Rank)
Specimen(s) View and Download Specimen Details »

** Not applicable or data not available.

Species Distribution Map

This species has been reported in the counties highlighted in the interactive distribution map below. Click on a county to display the its name. Click the question mark icon () to view additional information about the ecoregions shown. In the map legend, there are links to toggle the visibility of the ecoregions and/or their labels. In addition, clicking on an ecoregion name will highlight that region on the map.

  • State Boundaries
  • Counties
  • Counties - Species Present
Ecoregions
  • Southeastern Plains
    • Blackland Prarie
  • Blue Ridge Mountains
  • Ridge and Valley
  • Cumberland Plateau
  • Cumberland Mountains
  • Allegheny Plateau
  • Interior Plateau
    • Bluegrass Region
    • Nashville Basin
    • Pennyroyal Karst Plain
    • Western Highland Rim
    • Eastern Highland Rim

Synonyms

SynonymFull Citation
Mespilus cordata Mespilus cordata Mill.
Mespilus phaenopyrum Mespilus phaenopyrum L. f.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort.

Counties included on distribution map: Calloway (KY), Christian (KY), Crittenden (KY), Fayette (KY), Harlan (KY), Jackson (KY), Jessamine (KY), Lyon (KY), Madison (KY), Perry (KY), Trigg (KY), Warren (KY), Davidson (TN), Dickson (TN), Hickman (TN), Marion (TN), Montgomery (TN), Morgan (TN), Obion (TN), Rutherford (TN), Shelby (TN), Stewart (TN), Sumner (TN), Tipton (TN), Van Buren (TN), Washington (TN)

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: APSC, BEREA, EKY, HTTU, MEM, MTSU, SWMT, TENN, UCHT, VDB

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1947 - 2012

Accession No. (click for full details) County State Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
31234100622875 Jackson Kentucky 11 Jul 1995 Randy Mowrer
48
EKY
Crataegus phaenopyrum
31234100622792 Perry Kentucky 12 Jul 1986 Earlis Thornsberry
136
EKY
Crataegus phaenopyrum
BEREA019724 Madison Kentucky
BEREA
Crataegus phaenopyrum
TENN-V-0116369 Morgan Tennessee
TENN
Crataegus phaenopyrum
UCHT015127 Van Buren Tennessee
UCHT
Crataegus phaenopyrum
UCHT007791 Morgan Tennessee 12 Oct 2005 Dwayne Estes, B. E. Wofford, J. Beck
08565
UCHT
Crataegus phaenopyrum
APSC0005318 Trigg Kentucky 15 Aug 1986 Edward W. Chester with John Quick
86-841
APSC
Crataegus phaenopyrum
APSC0071151 Fayette Kentucky 28 Oct 1986 Max Medley
APSC
Crataegus phaenopyrum
APSC0005309 Trigg Kentucky 23 Jun 1966 William H. Ellis
1767
APSC
Crataegus phaenopyrum
APSC0005319 Stewart Tennessee 28 May 1980 Jackie Stack, Larry Carpenter
757
APSC
Crataegus phaenopyrum
APSC0105752 Warren Kentucky
APSC
Crataegus phaenopyrum
MTSU007522 Rutherford Tennessee 10 Apr 2012 William Hamilton
1
MTSU
Crataegus phaenopyrum
MTSU007521 Rutherford Tennessee 07 Nov 2012 Rachel Lytle
96
MTSU
Crataegus phaenopyrum
BRIT151483 Tennessee
VDB
Crataegus phaenopyrum
31234100604907 Fayette Kentucky 07 Oct 1995 Lora Aldridge
19
EKY
Crataegus phaenopyrum
31234100622784 Madison Kentucky 06 May 1982 S. D. Mims
1
EKY
Crataegus phaenopyrum
TENN-V-0116366 Hickman Tennessee
TENN
Crataegus phaenopyrum
TENN-V-0116367 Marion Tennessee
TENN
Crataegus phaenopyrum
UCHT015131 Morgan Tennessee
UCHT
Crataegus phaenopyrum
UCHT015132 Obion Tennessee
UCHT
Crataegus phaenopyrum
APSC0005317 Trigg Kentucky 19 May 1987 Edward W. Chester
87-211
APSC
Crataegus phaenopyrum
APSC0005310 Stewart Tennessee 13 Jul 1965 William H. Ellis
387
APSC
Crataegus phaenopyrum
APSC0005282 Montgomery Tennessee 05 Sep 1948 Alfred Clebsch
196
APSC
Crataegus phaenopyrum
APSC0005279 Montgomery Tennessee 14 Sep 1947 Alfred Clebsch
APSC
Crataegus phaenopyrum
MTSU007523 Rutherford Tennessee 03 Oct 2003 David Palmer
MTSU
Crataegus phaenopyrum
MTSU007519 Rutherford Tennessee Bridget Sanders
16
MTSU
Crataegus phaenopyrum
BRIT151482 Tennessee
VDB
Crataegus phaenopyrum
31234100622750 Madison Kentucky 15 May 1995 Ronald L. Jones
7739
EKY
Crataegus phaenopyrum
BEREA019725 Madison Kentucky
BEREA
Crataegus phaenopyrum
TENN-V-0116370 Shelby Tennessee
TENN
Crataegus phaenopyrum
TENN-V-0116371 Sumner Tennessee
TENN
Crataegus phaenopyrum
UCHT015129 Van Buren Tennessee
UCHT
Crataegus phaenopyrum
UCHT015128 Van Buren Tennessee
UCHT
Crataegus phaenopyrum
APSC0005290 Christian Kentucky 16 Oct 1993 Sallie Noel
APSC
Crataegus phaenopyrum
APSC0096463 Crittenden Kentucky
APSC
Crataegus phaenopyrum
APSC0096792 Calloway Kentucky 20 May 1972
APSC
Crataegus phaenopyrum
APSC0080849 Jessamine Kentucky 05 Jul 1979
APSC
Crataegus phaenopyrum
APSC0005281 Montgomery Tennessee 08 May 1948 Alfred Clebsch
29
APSC
Crataegus phaenopyrum
HTTU023333 Tennessee
HTTU
Crataegus phaenopyrum
MTSU007514 Davidson Tennessee 16 Sep 1995 David Cook
MTSU
Crataegus phaenopyrum
BRIT151481 Tennessee
VDB
Crataegus phaenopyrum
BRIT151478 Tennessee
VDB
Crataegus phaenopyrum
MEM010887 Tipton Tennessee 24 Jun 1969 Sarah J. Warrington
465
MEM
Crataegus phaenopyrum
31234100622743 Madison Kentucky 26 May 1994 Gary W. Libby
OB-833
EKY
Crataegus phaenopyrum
TENN-V-0116373 Washington Tennessee
TENN
Crataegus phaenopyrum
TENN-V-0116372 Van Buren Tennessee
TENN
Crataegus phaenopyrum
TENN-V-0116368 Montgomery Tennessee
TENN
Crataegus phaenopyrum
UCHT015130 Montgomery Tennessee
UCHT
Crataegus phaenopyrum
BEREA024179 Harlan Kentucky
BEREA
Crataegus phaenopyrum
APSC0005280 Stewart Tennessee 03 Jun 1983 Edward W. Chester
83-88
APSC
Crataegus phaenopyrum
APSC0005308 Lyon Kentucky 07 Jul 1986 Edward W. Chester
86-454
APSC
Crataegus phaenopyrum
APSC0005283 Dickson Tennessee 19 May 1987 Milo Guthrie
1765
APSC
Crataegus phaenopyrum
APSC0081547 Christian Kentucky 03 Jun 1979 John Macgregor
APSC
Crataegus phaenopyrum
APSC0005315 Lyon Kentucky 11 Aug 1986 Edward W. Chester
86-821
APSC
Crataegus phaenopyrum
MTSU007520 Davidson Tennessee 07 Nov 2002 Susi Turman
MTSU
Crataegus phaenopyrum
BRIT151479 Tennessee
VDB
Crataegus phaenopyrum
BRIT151480 Tennessee
VDB
Crataegus phaenopyrum
SWMT01588 Tennessee 14 May 1975 James H. Graves
SWMT
Crataegus phaenopyrum
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Plant Photos

Crataegus phaenopyrum - Tara Littlefield
Crataegus phaenopyrum - Tara Littlefield
Crataegus phaenopyrum - Tara Littlefield
Crataegus phaenopyrum - Tara Littlefield
Crataegus phaenopyrum - Tara Littlefield
Crataegus phaenopyrum - Tara Littlefield