Melanthera nivea

ClassificationDicots
FamilyAsteraceae
Family (Traditional)Asteraceae
GenusMelanthera
Species:Melanthera nivea Small
Common NameCariaquillo Blanco; Salaillo; Snow Squarestem
Growth Habitforb
Plant Notes**
CharacteristicsArmaments: No; Milky Sap: No; Photosynthetic: Yes; Stipules: No; Woody Herbaceous: Herbaceous; Natural Area Presence: LC; Duration: Perennial; General Ecology: Terrestrial; Growth Habit: forb; Moisture Requirements: Hydric; Moisture Requirements: Wetland; Region of Origin: North America; Reproductive Phenology: January; Reproductive Phenology: Febuary; Reproductive Phenology: March; Reproductive Phenology: April; Reproductive Phenology: May; Reproductive Phenology: June; Reproductive Phenology: July; Reproductive Phenology: August; Reproductive Phenology: September; Reproductive Phenology: October; Reproductive Phenology: November; Reproductive Phenology: December; Leaf Arrangement: opposite; Leaf Complexity: simple; Leaf Dissection: 0; Leaf Fragrance: No; Leaf Persistance: Deciduous; Leaf Petiole Type: petiolate; Leaf Type: broadleaf; Leaflet Margins: crenate; Leaflet Number: 0; Anther Type: Basifixed; Base Flower Color: White; Carpel Number/Pistil: 1; Fruit Complexity: Simple; Fruit Dehiscence: No; Fruit Type: Cypsela; Fruit Wet/Dry: Dry; Hypanthium Present: No; Inflorescence Position: axillary; Inflorescence Types: corymb/cyme/umbel; Inflorescence Types: head; Inflorescence Types: solitary; Ovary Position: Inferior; Overall Flower Symmetry: Actinomorphic; Ovules per Carpel: 1; Perianth Present: Yes; Petal Fusion: Yes; Petal Number: 5; Pistil Complexity: Simple; Pistil Number: 1; Placentation Type: Basal; Sepal Fusion: N/A; Sepal Number: N/A; Sexuality: monoclinous; Sporangium Arrangement: N/A; Stamen Number: 5; Tepal Number: N/A
C value 8
StatusNative; AGCP (FACU), EMP (FACU) (NWPL); TN[SNR] KY[S3?] (State Rank); G5 (Global Rank)
Specimen(s) View and Download Specimen Details »

** Not applicable or data not available.

Species Distribution Map

This species has been reported in the counties highlighted in the interactive distribution map below. Click on a county to display the its name. Click the question mark icon () to view additional information about the ecoregions shown. In the map legend, there are links to toggle the visibility of the ecoregions and/or their labels. In addition, clicking on an ecoregion name will highlight that region on the map.

  • State Boundaries
  • Counties
  • Counties - Species Present
Ecoregions
  • Southeastern Plains
    • Blackland Prarie
  • Blue Ridge Mountains
  • Ridge and Valley
  • Cumberland Plateau
  • Cumberland Mountains
  • Allegheny Plateau
  • Interior Plateau
    • Bluegrass Region
    • Nashville Basin
    • Pennyroyal Karst Plain
    • Western Highland Rim
    • Eastern Highland Rim

Synonyms

SynonymFull Citation
Bidens nivea Bidens nivea L.
Elephantopus cuneifolius Elephantopus cuneifolius
Melanthera brevifolia Melanthera brevifolia
Melanthera carpenteri Melanthera carpenteri Small
Melanthera hastata Melanthera hastata Michx.
Melanthera hastata var. cubensis Melanthera hastata var. cubensis O. E. Schulz
Melanthera hastifolia Melanthera hastifolia S. F. Blake
Melanthera lobata Melanthera lobata
Melanthera oxycarpha Melanthera oxycarpha
Melanthera parviceps Melanthera parviceps Blake

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort.

Counties included on distribution map: Ballard (KY), Calloway (KY), Carlisle (KY), Livingston (KY), Lyon (KY), McCracken (KY), Trigg (KY), Benton (TN), Decatur (TN), Hardin (TN), Henry (TN), Humphreys (TN), Perry (TN), Shelby (TN), Stewart (TN)

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: APSC, BEREA, EKY, MEM, TENN

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1974 - 2015

Accession No. (click for full details) County State Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
31234100268273 Ballard Kentucky Raymond Athey
EKY
Melanthera nivea
31234100268307 McCracken Kentucky Landon E. McKinney
EKY
Melanthera nivea
31234100268299 Livingston Kentucky Raymond Athey
EKY
Melanthera nivea
31234100268281 Carlisle Kentucky Raymond Athey
EKY
Melanthera nivea
TENN-V-0232564 Decatur Tennessee
TENN
Melanthera nivea
TENN-V-0232567 Perry Tennessee
TENN
Melanthera nivea
TENN-V-0232570 Stewart Tennessee
TENN
Melanthera nivea
TENN-V-0232597 Carlisle Kentucky
TENN
Melanthera nivea
TENN-V-0232568 Shelby Tennessee
TENN
Melanthera nivea
TENN-V-0232569 Shelby Tennessee
TENN
Melanthera nivea
APSC0024936 Stewart Tennessee
APSC
Melanthera nivea
APSC0056076 Stewart Tennessee
APSC
Melanthera nivea
APSC0024942 Benton Tennessee
APSC
Melanthera nivea
APSC0024939 Henry Tennessee 26 Aug 1989 Edward Chester
APSC
Melanthera nivea
APSC0024938 Trigg Kentucky 17 Aug 1985 Edward Chester
APSC
Melanthera nivea
TENN-V-0232566 Humphreys Tennessee
TENN
Melanthera nivea
TENN-V-0232582 McCracken Kentucky
TENN
Melanthera hastata
TENN-V-0232562 Hardin Tennessee
TENN
Melanthera hastata
TENN-V-0232563 Decatur Tennessee
TENN
Melanthera nivea
TENN-V-0232598 Trigg Kentucky
TENN
Melanthera nivea
TENN-V-0232565 Hardin Tennessee
TENN
Melanthera nivea
APSC0101755 Humphreys Tennessee
APSC
Melanthera nivea
APSC0060197 Carlisle Kentucky
APSC
Melanthera nivea
APSC0080565 McCracken Kentucky 28 Sep 1984
APSC
Melanthera nivea
APSC0041657 Decatur Tennessee
APSC
Melanthera nivea
APSC0024941 Humphreys Tennessee
APSC
Melanthera nivea
APSC0101940 Ballard Kentucky
APSC
Melanthera nivea
APSC0024934 Lyon Kentucky 05 Oct 2007 Edward Chester
APSC
Melanthera nivea
APSC0101754 Humphreys Tennessee
APSC
Melanthera nivea
APSC0107714 Humphreys Tennessee
APSC
Melanthera nivea
APSC0024937 Stewart Tennessee
APSC
Melanthera nivea
APSC0085849 Ballard Kentucky
APSC
Melanthera nivea
APSC0024935 Trigg Kentucky 17 Aug 1985 Edward Chester
APSC
Melanthera nivea
APSC009128 Carlisle Kentucky
APSC
Melanthera nivea
BEREA025610 Calloway Kentucky
BEREA
Melanthera nivea
MEM005752 Livingston Kentucky Raymond Athey
MEM
Melanthera nivea
MEM004492 Ballard Kentucky Raymond Athey
MEM
Melanthera nivea
MEM005938 McCracken Kentucky Raymond Athey
MEM
Melanthera nivea
APSC0024940 Humphreys Tennessee
APSC
Melanthera nivea
BEREA025611 Calloway Kentucky
BEREA
Melanthera nivea
MEM020347 Shelby Tennessee 21 Sep 2015 S.M. Ballou Jr.
2
MEM
Melanthera nivea
MEM011605 Carlisle Kentucky Raymond Athey
MEM
Melanthera nivea
MEM007307 Shelby Tennessee 13 Oct 1974 W.H. Raines
s.n.
MEM
Melanthera nivea
First Page Previous Page Next Page Last Page
Records per Page:

Plant Photos

Melanthera nivea - Milo Pyne
Melanthera nivea - Milo Pyne
Melanthera nivea - Milo Pyne
Melanthera nivea - Milo Pyne
Melanthera nivea - Milo Pyne
Melanthera nivea - Milo Pyne