Echinochloa muricata var. muricata

Family (Traditional)Poaceae
Species: Echinochloa muricata
Infraspecies:Echinochloa muricata (P.Beauv.) Fernald var. muricata
Common NameRough Barnyardgrass
Growth Habitgraminoid
Plant Notes**
CharacteristicsArmaments: No; Milky Sap: No; Photosynthetic: Yes; Stipules: No; Woody Herbaceous: Herbaceous; Duration: Annual; General Ecology: Terrestrial; Growth Habit: graminoid; Region of Origin: North America; Reproductive Phenology: July; Reproductive Phenology: August; Reproductive Phenology: September; Reproductive Phenology: October; Leaf Arrangement: alternate; Leaf Arrangement: basal; Leaf Complexity: simple; Leaf Dissection: 0; Leaf Persistance: Deciduous; Leaf Petiole Type: sessile; Leaf Type: grass-like; Leaf Venation: parallel; Leaflet Margins: entire; Leaflet Number: 0; Base Flower Color: Brown (incl. Maroon); Base Flower Color: Green; Fruit Dehiscence: No; Fruit Type: Caryopsis; Fruit Type: Grain; Fruit Wet/Dry: Dry; Hypanthium Present: No; Ovary Position: Superior; Overall Flower Symmetry: N/A; Perianth Present: No; Placentation Type: Parietal; Placentation Type: Basal; Sexuality: monoclinous; Sporangium Arrangement: N/A
C value 2
StatusNative; TN[SNR] KY[SNR] (State Rank); G5T5 (Global Rank)
Specimen(s) View and Download Specimen Details »

** Not applicable or data not available.

Currently no photos are available for this plant.

Species Distribution Map

This species has been reported in the counties highlighted in the interactive distribution map below. Click on a county to display the its name. Click the question mark icon () to view additional information about the ecoregions shown. In the map legend, there are links to toggle the visibility of the ecoregions and/or their labels. In addition, clicking on an ecoregion name will highlight that region on the map.

  • State Boundaries
  • Counties
  • Counties - Species Present
  • Southeastern Plains
    • Blackland Prarie
  • Blue Ridge Mountains
  • Ridge and Valley
  • Cumberland Plateau
  • Cumberland Mountains
  • Allegheny Plateau
  • Interior Plateau
    • Bluegrass Region
    • Nashville Basin
    • Pennyroyal Karst Plain
    • Western Highland Rim
    • Eastern Highland Rim


SynonymFull Citation
Echinochloa crus-galli subsp. muricata Echinochloa crus-galli subsp. muricata (Kunth) Shinners
Echinochloa crus-galli var. michauxii Echinochloa crus-galli var. michauxii House
Echinochloa crus-galli var. muricata Echinochloa crus-galli var. muricata Farw.
Echinochloa muricata var. ludoviciana Echinochloa muricata var. ludoviciana Wiegand
Echinochloa pungens Echinochloa pungens Rydb.
Echinochloa pungens var. coarctata Echinochloa pungens var. coarctata Fernald & Griscom
Echinochloa pungens var. ludoviciana Echinochloa pungens var. ludoviciana Fernald & Griscom
Echinochloa pungens var. pungens Echinochloa pungens var. pungens (Poir.) Rydb.
Oplismenus muricatus Oplismenus muricatus Kunth
Panicum muricatum Panicum muricatum Michx.
Setaria muricata Setaria muricata P. Beauv.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort.

Counties included on distribution map: Scott (KY), Williamson (TN)

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: KNK, TENN

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1973 - 1973

Accession No. (click for full details) County State Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
31973000021738 Williamson Tennessee 29 Jul 1973 Gonsoulin, Gene
Echinochloa pungens
TENN-V-0023985 Scott Kentucky
Echinochloa pungens
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