Ratibida columnifera

ClassificationDicots
FamilyAsteraceae
Family (Traditional)Asteraceae
GenusRatibida
Species:Ratibida columnifera (Nutt.) Wooton & Standl.
Common NameRedspike Mexican Hat; Upright Prairie Coneflower
Growth Habitforb
Plant Notes**
CharacteristicsArmaments: No; Milky Sap: No; Photosynthetic: Yes; Stipules: No; Woody Herbaceous: Herbaceous; Natural Area Presence: LGS; Duration: Perennial; General Ecology: Terrestrial; Growth Habit: forb; Region of Origin: North America; Reproductive Phenology: March; Reproductive Phenology: April; Reproductive Phenology: May; Reproductive Phenology: June; Reproductive Phenology: July; Reproductive Phenology: August; Reproductive Phenology: September; Reproductive Phenology: October; Reproductive Phenology: November; Leaf Arrangement: alternate; Leaf Arrangement: basal; Leaf Complexity: simple; Leaf Fragrance: No; Leaf Persistance: Deciduous; Leaf Petiole Type: petiolate; Leaf Type: broadleaf; Leaflet Margins: lobed; Leaflet Number: 0; Anther Type: Basifixed; Base Flower Color: Brown (incl. Maroon); Base Flower Color: Purple; Base Flower Color: Yellow; Carpel Number/Pistil: 1; Fruit Complexity: Simple; Fruit Dehiscence: No; Fruit Type: Cypsela; Fruit Wet/Dry: Dry; Hypanthium Present: No; Inflorescence Position: terminal; Inflorescence Types: corymb/cyme/umbel; Inflorescence Types: head; Inflorescence Types: solitary; Ovary Position: Inferior; Overall Flower Symmetry: Actinomorphic; Overall Flower Symmetry: Zygomorphic; Ovules per Carpel: 1; Perianth Present: Yes; Petal Fusion: Yes; Petal Number: 5; Pistil Complexity: Simple; Pistil Number: 1; Placentation Type: Basal; Sepal Fusion: N/A; Sepal Number: N/A; Sexuality: monoclinous; Sporangium Arrangement: N/A; Stamen Number: 5; Tepal Number: N/A
C value N/A
StatusNot Native; G5 (Global Rank)
Specimen(s) View and Download Specimen Details »

** Not applicable or data not available.

Species Distribution Map

This species has been reported in the counties highlighted in the interactive distribution map below. Click on a county to display the its name. Click the question mark icon () to view additional information about the ecoregions shown. In the map legend, there are links to toggle the visibility of the ecoregions and/or their labels. In addition, clicking on an ecoregion name will highlight that region on the map.

  • State Boundaries
  • Counties
  • Counties - Species Present
Ecoregions
  • Southeastern Plains
    • Blackland Prarie
  • Blue Ridge Mountains
  • Ridge and Valley
  • Cumberland Plateau
  • Cumberland Mountains
  • Allegheny Plateau
  • Interior Plateau
    • Bluegrass Region
    • Nashville Basin
    • Pennyroyal Karst Plain
    • Western Highland Rim
    • Eastern Highland Rim

Synonyms

SynonymFull Citation
Lepachys columnaris Lepachys columnaris Torr. & Gray
Lepachys columnifera Lepachys columnifera (Nutt.) J.F. Macbr.
Ratibida columnaris Ratibida columnaris D. Don
Ratibida columnaris var. pulcherrima Ratibida columnaris var. pulcherrima (DC.) D. Don
Ratibida pulcherrima Ratibida pulcherrima Steud.
Rudbeckia columnaris Rudbeckia columnaris Pursh, non Sims
Rudbeckia columnifera Rudbeckia columnifera Nutt.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort.

Counties included on distribution map: Campbell (TN), Giles (TN), Johnson (TN)

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: APSC, ETSU, TENN

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1972 - 1972

Accession No. (click for full details) County State Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
TENN-V-0229203 Campbell Tennessee 18 Jun 1972 A.J. Sharp
TENN
Ratibida columnifera
APSC0023950 Giles Tennessee
APSC
Ratibida columnifera
ETSU032572 Johnson Tennessee
ETSU
Ratibida columnifera
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Plant Photos

Ratibida columnifera - Alaina Krakowiak
Ratibida columnifera - Alaina Krakowiak
Ratibida columnifera - Alaina Krakowiak
Ratibida columnifera - Alaina Krakowiak