Arundo donax

ClassificationMonocots
FamilyPoaceae
Family (Traditional)Poaceae
GenusArundo
Species:Arundo donax L.
Common NameGiant Reed
Growth Habitgraminoid
Plant Notes**
CharacteristicsArmaments: No; Milky Sap: No; Photosynthetic: Yes; Stipules: No; Woody Herbaceous: Herbaceous; Invasive Rank: TN-IPC Emerging Threat; Duration: Perennial; General Ecology: Terrestrial; Growth Habit: graminoid; Moisture Requirements: Dry-mesic; Moisture Requirements: Mesic; Region of Origin: Asia; Region of Origin: Europe; Reproductive Phenology: January; Reproductive Phenology: Febuary; Reproductive Phenology: March; Reproductive Phenology: April; Reproductive Phenology: May; Reproductive Phenology: June; Reproductive Phenology: July; Reproductive Phenology: August; Reproductive Phenology: September; Reproductive Phenology: October; Reproductive Phenology: November; Reproductive Phenology: December; Leaf Arrangement: alternate; Leaf Arrangement: basal; Leaf Complexity: simple; Leaf Dissection: 0; Leaf Persistance: Deciduous; Leaf Petiole Type: sessile; Leaf Type: grass-like; Leaf Venation: parallel; Leaflet Margins: entire; Leaflet Number: 0; Base Flower Color: Brown (incl. Maroon); Base Flower Color: Green; Fruit Dehiscence: No; Fruit Type: Caryopsis; Fruit Type: Grain; Fruit Wet/Dry: Dry; Hypanthium Present: No; Ovary Position: Superior; Overall Flower Symmetry: N/A; Perianth Present: No; Placentation Type: Parietal; Placentation Type: Basal; Sporangium Arrangement: N/A
C value N/A
StatusNot Native; Invasive; AGCP (FAC), EMP (FACU) (NWPL); TN[SNA] KY[SNA] (State Rank); G5 (Global Rank)
Specimen(s) View and Download Specimen Details »

** Not applicable or data not available.

Species Distribution Map

This species has been reported in the counties highlighted in the interactive distribution map below. Click on a county to display the its name. Click the question mark icon () to view additional information about the ecoregions shown. In the map legend, there are links to toggle the visibility of the ecoregions and/or their labels. In addition, clicking on an ecoregion name will highlight that region on the map.

  • State Boundaries
  • Counties
  • Counties - Species Present
Ecoregions
  • Southeastern Plains
    • Blackland Prarie
  • Blue Ridge Mountains
  • Ridge and Valley
  • Cumberland Plateau
  • Cumberland Mountains
  • Allegheny Plateau
  • Interior Plateau
    • Bluegrass Region
    • Nashville Basin
    • Pennyroyal Karst Plain
    • Western Highland Rim
    • Eastern Highland Rim

Synonyms

SynonymFull Citation
Arundo bifaria Arundo bifaria Retz.
Arundo donax var. angustifolia Arundo donax var. angustifolia Döll
Arundo donax var. lanceolata Arundo donax var. lanceolata Döll
Arundo donax var. versicolor Arundo donax var. versicolor (P. Mill.) Stokes
Arundo glauca Arundo glauca Bubani
Arundo latifolia Arundo latifolia Salisb.
Arundo sativa Arundo sativa Lam.
Arundo versicolor Arundo versicolor P. Mill.
Cynodon donax Cynodon donax (L.) Raspail
Donax arundinaceus Donax arundinaceus
Donax donax Donax donax (L.) Asch. & Graebn.
Scolochloa donax Scolochloa donax (L.) Gaudin

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort.

Counties included on distribution map: Breathitt (KY), Calloway (KY), Cumberland (KY), Edmonson (KY), McCracken (KY), Magoffin (KY), Trigg (KY), Claiborne (TN), Coffee (TN), Franklin (TN), Hamilton (TN), Knox (TN), Meigs (TN), Monroe (TN), Montgomery (TN), Putnam (TN), Rhea (TN), Rutherford (TN), Scott (TN), Sevier (TN), Smith (TN), Stewart (TN), Sullivan (TN), Sumner (TN), Union (TN)

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: MDKY, APSC, EKY, KNK, TENN

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1963 - 1999

Accession No. (click for full details) County State Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
31234100110004 Edmonson Kentucky 29 Jun 1963 Elizabeth M. Browne
7469
EKY
Arundo donax
31234100120011 McCracken Kentucky 06 Oct 1982 Raymond Athey
EKY
Arundo donax
31973000020882 Breathitt Kentucky 07 Oct 1994 Thieret, John
57555
KNK
Arundo donax
TENN-V-0026439 Stewart Tennessee
TENN
Arundo donax
TENN-V-0026441 Union Tennessee
TENN
Arundo donax
TENN-V-0026425 Franklin Tennessee
TENN
Arundo donax
TENN-V-0026426 Hamilton Tennessee
TENN
Arundo donax
TENN-V-0026445 Calloway Kentucky
TENN
Arundo donax
TENN-V-0026433 Sumner Tennessee
TENN
Arundo donax
TENN-V-0026434 Rutherford Tennessee
TENN
Arundo donax
TENN-V-0026428 Meigs Tennessee
TENN
Arundo donax
TENN-V-0026438 Smith Tennessee
TENN
Arundo donax
TENN-V-0026431 Putnam Tennessee
TENN
Arundo donax
TENN-V-0026440 Sullivan Tennessee
TENN
Arundo donax
TENN-V-0026424 Franklin Tennessee
TENN
Arundo donax
TENN-V-0026427 Knox Tennessee
TENN
Arundo donax
31234100109998 Cumberland Kentucky 02 Oct 1999 Ross C. Clark
25350
EKY
Arundo donax
31973000020883 Breathitt Kentucky 07 Oct 1994 Thieret, John
57555
KNK
Arundo donax
MDKY00004092 Magoffin Kentucky
MDKY
Arundo donax
TENN-V-0026429 Meigs Tennessee
TENN
Arundo donax
TENN-V-0026432 Rhea Tennessee
TENN
Arundo donax
TENN-V-0026437 Scott Tennessee
TENN
Arundo donax
TENN-V-0026423 Coffee Tennessee
TENN
Arundo donax
TENN-V-0026436 Sevier Tennessee
TENN
Arundo donax
TENN-V-0026430 Monroe Tennessee
TENN
Arundo donax
TENN-V-0026435 Rutherford Tennessee
TENN
Arundo donax
APSC0063875 Edmonson Kentucky
APSC
Arundo donax
APSC0063876 Edmonson Kentucky
APSC
Arundo donax
TENN-V-0026422 Claiborne Tennessee
TENN
Arundo donax
APSC0034581 Montgomery Tennessee
APSC
Arundo donax
APSC0034578 Stewart Tennessee
APSC
Arundo donax
APSC0034577 Trigg Kentucky
APSC
Arundo donax
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Plant Photos

Arundo donax - Milo Pyne
Arundo donax - Milo Pyne
Arundo donax - Milo Pyne
Arundo donax - Milo Pyne
Arundo donax - Joey Shaw
Arundo donax - Joey Shaw
Arundo donax - Joey Shaw
Arundo donax - Joey Shaw
Arundo donax - Joey Shaw
Arundo donax - Joey Shaw
Arundo donax - Joey Shaw
Arundo donax - Joey Shaw
Arundo donax - Joey Shaw
Arundo donax - Joey Shaw