Lycium barbarum

Family (Traditional)Solanaceae
Species:Lycium barbarum L.
Common NameMatrimony Vine; Wolfberry; Bocksdorn
Growth Habitshrub
Plant Notes**
CharacteristicsArmaments: No; Milky Sap: No; Photosynthetic: Yes; Stipules: No; Woody Herbaceous: Woody; Duration: Perennial; General Ecology: Terrestrial; Growth Habit: shrub; Region of Origin: Europe; Reproductive Phenology: May; Reproductive Phenology: June; Reproductive Phenology: July; Reproductive Phenology: August; Reproductive Phenology: September; Reproductive Phenology: October; Reproductive Phenology: November; Reproductive Phenology: December; Leaf Arrangement: alternate; Leaf Complexity: simple; Leaf Dissection: 0; Leaf Fragrance: No; Leaf Persistance: Deciduous; Leaf Petiole Type: petiolate; Leaf Rank: spiral; Leaf Type: broadleaf; Leaf Venation: pinnate; Leaflet Margins: entire; Leaflet Number: 0; Base Flower Color: Purple; Fruit Dehiscence: No; Fruit Type: Berry; Fruit Wet/Dry: Wet; Ovary Position: Superior; Overall Flower Symmetry: Actinomorphic; Pistil Number: 1; Sporangium Arrangement: N/A; Stamen Number: 5
C value N/A
StatusNot Native; TN[SNA] KY[SNA] (State Rank); GNR (Global Rank)
Specimen(s) View and Download Specimen Details »

** Not applicable or data not available.

Currently no photos are available for this plant.

Species Distribution Map

This species has been reported in the counties highlighted in the interactive distribution map below. Click on a county to display the its name. Click the question mark icon () to view additional information about the ecoregions shown. In the map legend, there are links to toggle the visibility of the ecoregions and/or their labels. In addition, clicking on an ecoregion name will highlight that region on the map.

  • State Boundaries
  • Counties
  • Counties - Species Present
  • Southeastern Plains
    • Blackland Prarie
  • Blue Ridge Mountains
  • Ridge and Valley
  • Cumberland Plateau
  • Cumberland Mountains
  • Allegheny Plateau
  • Interior Plateau
    • Bluegrass Region
    • Nashville Basin
    • Pennyroyal Karst Plain
    • Western Highland Rim
    • Eastern Highland Rim


SynonymFull Citation
Lycium halimifolium Lycium halimifolium Mill.
Lycium lanceolatum Lycium lanceolatum
Lycium vulgare Lycium vulgare Dun.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort.

Counties included on distribution map: Boyle (KY), Clark (KY), Hickman (KY), Madison (KY), Knox (TN), Montgomery (TN), Sumner (TN), Washington (TN), Williamson (TN)

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: APSC, BEREA, EKY, TENN

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1988 - 2000

Accession No. (click for full details) County State Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
31234100673647 Clark Kentucky 01 Sep 2000 Timothy J. Weckman
Lycium barbarum
TENN-V-0191692 Washington Tennessee
Lycium halimifolium
TENN-V-0191688 Knox Tennessee
Lycium halimifolium
BEREA025321 Boyle Kentucky
Lycium barbarum
APSC0001782 Williamson Tennessee 01 Sep 1988 L Kelly
Lycium barbarum
BEREA025320 Boyle Kentucky
Lycium barbarum
BEREA020770 Madison Kentucky
Lycium barbarum
BEREA020769 Clark Kentucky
Lycium barbarum
TENN-V-0191691 Washington Tennessee
Lycium halimifolium
TENN-V-0191690 Sumner Tennessee
Lycium halimifolium
APSC0118823 Hickman Kentucky
Lycium barbarum
TENN-V-0191689 Montgomery Tennessee
Lycium halimifolium
TENN-V-0191687 Williamson Tennessee
Lycium barbarum
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