Mirabilis jalapa

ClassificationDicots
FamilyNyctaginaceae
Family (Traditional)Nyctaginaceae
GenusMirabilis
Species:Mirabilis jalapa L.
Common NameMarvel Of Peru; Four Oclock
Growth Habitforb
Plant Notes**
CharacteristicsArmaments: No; Milky Sap: No; Photosynthetic: Yes; Stipules: No; Woody Herbaceous: Herbaceous; Duration: Perennial; General Ecology: Terrestrial; Growth Habit: forb; Region of Origin: North America; Region of Origin: South America; Reproductive Phenology: June; Reproductive Phenology: July; Reproductive Phenology: August; Reproductive Phenology: September; Leaf Arrangement: opposite; Leaf Complexity: simple; Leaf Dissection: 0; Leaf Fragrance: No; Leaf Persistance: Deciduous; Leaflet Number: 0; Anther Type: Basifixed; Base Flower Color: Pink; Base Flower Color: Purple; Base Flower Color: Red; Base Flower Color: Yellow; Carpel Number/Pistil: 1; Fruit Dehiscence: No; Fruit Type: Achene; Fruit Wet/Dry: Dry; Overall Flower Symmetry: Actinomorphic; Ovules per Carpel: 1; Pistil Number: 1; Placentation Type: Basal; Sexuality: monoclinous; Sporangium Arrangement: N/A; Stamen Number: 5
C value N/A
StatusNot Native; AGCP (FACU), EMP (UPL) (NWPL); KY[SNA] (State Rank); GNR (Global Rank)
Specimen(s) View and Download Specimen Details »

** Not applicable or data not available.

Currently no photos are available for this plant.

Species Distribution Map

This species has been reported in the counties highlighted in the interactive distribution map below. Click on a county to display the its name. Click the question mark icon () to view additional information about the ecoregions shown. In the map legend, there are links to toggle the visibility of the ecoregions and/or their labels. In addition, clicking on an ecoregion name will highlight that region on the map.

  • State Boundaries
  • Counties
  • Counties - Species Present
Ecoregions
  • Southeastern Plains
    • Blackland Prarie
  • Blue Ridge Mountains
  • Ridge and Valley
  • Cumberland Plateau
  • Cumberland Mountains
  • Allegheny Plateau
  • Interior Plateau
    • Bluegrass Region
    • Nashville Basin
    • Pennyroyal Karst Plain
    • Western Highland Rim
    • Eastern Highland Rim

Synonyms

SynonymFull Citation
Mirabilis jalapa subsp. lindheimeri Mirabilis jalapa subsp. lindheimeri Standl.
Mirabilis lindheimeri Mirabilis lindheimeri (Standl.) Shinners

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort.

Counties included on distribution map: Jefferson (KY), Pulaski (KY), Shelby (TN)

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: APSC, BEREA, EKY, MEM

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1971 - 1992

Accession No. (click for full details) County State Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
31234100536273 Pulaski Kentucky 23 Jul 1992 John Richard Abbott
3257
EKY
Mirabilis jalapa
APSC0108476 Jefferson Kentucky
APSC
Mirabilis jalapa
BEREA017022 Pulaski Kentucky
BEREA
Mirabilis jalapa
MEM015787 Shelby Tennessee 01 Jul 1971 John E. Thompson Jr.
287
MEM
Mirabilis jalapa
BEREA017021 Pulaski Kentucky
BEREA
Mirabilis jalapa
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