Setaria italica

ClassificationMonocots
FamilyPoaceae
Family (Traditional)Poaceae
GenusSetaria
Species:Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv.
Common NameFoxtail Millet; Italian Millet
Growth Habitgraminoid
Plant Notes**
CharacteristicsArmaments: No; Milky Sap: No; Photosynthetic: Yes; Stipules: No; Woody Herbaceous: Herbaceous; Duration: Annual; General Ecology: Terrestrial; Growth Habit: graminoid; Moisture Requirements: Dry-mesic; Moisture Requirements: Mesic; Region of Origin: Asia; Region of Origin: Europe; Reproductive Phenology: July; Reproductive Phenology: August; Leaf Arrangement: alternate; Leaf Arrangement: basal; Leaf Complexity: simple; Leaf Dissection: 0; Leaf Persistance: Deciduous; Leaf Petiole Type: sessile; Leaf Type: grass-like; Leaf Venation: parallel; Leaflet Margins: entire; Leaflet Number: 0; Base Flower Color: Brown (incl. Maroon); Base Flower Color: Green; Fruit Dehiscence: No; Fruit Type: Caryopsis; Fruit Type: Grain; Fruit Wet/Dry: Dry; Hypanthium Present: No; Ovary Position: Superior; Overall Flower Symmetry: N/A; Perianth Present: No; Placentation Type: Parietal; Placentation Type: Basal; Sporangium Arrangement: N/A
C value N/A
StatusNot Native; AGCP (FACU), EMP (FACU) (NWPL); TN[SNA] KY[SNA] (State Rank); GNR (Global Rank)
Specimen(s) View and Download Specimen Details »

** Not applicable or data not available.

Currently no photos are available for this plant.

Species Distribution Map

This species has been reported in the counties highlighted in the interactive distribution map below. Click on a county to display the its name. Click the question mark icon () to view additional information about the ecoregions shown. In the map legend, there are links to toggle the visibility of the ecoregions and/or their labels. In addition, clicking on an ecoregion name will highlight that region on the map.

  • State Boundaries
  • Counties
  • Counties - Species Present
Ecoregions
  • Southeastern Plains
    • Blackland Prarie
  • Blue Ridge Mountains
  • Ridge and Valley
  • Cumberland Plateau
  • Cumberland Mountains
  • Allegheny Plateau
  • Interior Plateau
    • Bluegrass Region
    • Nashville Basin
    • Pennyroyal Karst Plain
    • Western Highland Rim
    • Eastern Highland Rim

Synonyms

SynonymFull Citation
Chaetochloa germanica Chaetochloa germanica (Mill.) Smyth
Chaetochloa italica Chaetochloa italica (L.) Scribn.
Chaetochloa italica var. germanica Chaetochloa italica var. germanica (Mill.) Farw.
Chamaeraphis italica Chamaeraphis italica (L.) Kuntze
Chamaeraphis italica var. germanica Chamaeraphis italica var. germanica (Mill.) Kuntze
Ixophorus italicus Ixophorus italicus (L.) Nash
Panicum germanicum Panicum germanicum Mill.
Panicum italicum Panicum italicum L.
Panicum italicum var. californicum Panicum italicum var. californicum (Kellog) Körn. & Werner
Panicum italicum var. germanicum Panicum italicum var. germanicum (Mill.) Döll
Panicum italicum var. inerme Panicum italicum var. inerme Döll
Panicum italicum var. italicum Panicum italicum var. italicum L.
Panicum viride subsp. italicum Panicum viride subsp. italicum (L.) Asch. & Graebn.
Panicum viride var. italicum Panicum viride var. italicum (L.) Backer
Pennisetum germanicum Pennisetum germanicum (Mill.) Baumg.
Pennisetum italicum Pennisetum italicum (L.) R. Br.
Setaria californica Setaria californica Kellog
Setaria germanica Setaria germanica (Mill.) P. Beauv.
Setaria italica subsp. germanica Setaria italica subsp. germanica (Mill.) Douin
Setaria italica var. germanica Setaria italica var. germanica (Mill.) Beck
Setaria italica var. metzgeri Setaria italica var. metzgeri (Koern.) Jáv.
Setaria italica var. stramineofructa Setaria italica var. stramineofructa (F.T. Hubbard) Bailey
Setaria viridis subsp. italica Setaria viridis subsp. italica (L.) Briq.
Setariopsis italica Setariopsis italica (L.) Samp.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort.

Counties included on distribution map: Ballard (KY), Campbell (KY), Fayette (KY), Franklin (KY), Graves (KY), Harlan (KY), Harrison (KY), Henry (KY), Jefferson (KY), Livingston (KY), Lyon (KY), McLean (KY), Madison (KY), Meade (KY), Mercer (KY), Montgomery (KY), Owen (KY), Pike (KY), Rockcastle (KY), Trigg (KY), Trimble (KY), Wolfe (KY), Carter (TN), Coffee (TN), Davidson (TN), Dyer (TN), Grainger (TN), Hamblen (TN), Hancock (TN), Jefferson (TN), Knox (TN), Montgomery (TN), Putnam (TN), Rutherford (TN), Smith (TN), Stewart (TN), Washington (TN), White (TN), Williamson (TN)

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: APSC, BEREA, EKY, ETSU, HTTU, KNK, MEM, TENN

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1947 - 1986

Accession No. (click for full details) County State Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
31234100145497 Montgomery Kentucky 18 Sep 1984 Julian Campbell
1426
EKY
Setaria italica
31234100145513 Franklin Kentucky Donald K. Walker
577
EKY
Setaria italica
31973000023534 Campbell Kentucky 20 Sep 1980 Thieret, John
52456
KNK
Setaria italica
TENN-V-0024104 Hamblen Tennessee
TENN
Setaria italica
TENN-V-0024105 Hancock Tennessee
TENN
Setaria italica
APSC0042271 Knox Tennessee
APSC
Setaria italica
APSC0042269 Stewart Tennessee
APSC
Setaria italica
APSC0073588 Meade Kentucky
APSC
Setaria italica
APSC0073586 Owen Kentucky
APSC
Setaria italica
ETSU004025 Carter Tennessee
ETSU
Setaria italica
MEM012681 Fayette Kentucky 25 Jul 1956 Mary E. Wharton
10381
MEM
Setaria italica
MEM011116 Harrison Kentucky 22 Aug 1965 Johnny B. Varner
6009
MEM
Setaria italica
BEREA008152 Madison Kentucky
BEREA
Setaria italica
TENN-V-0024107 Knox Tennessee
TENN
Setaria italica
TENN-V-0024111 Stewart Tennessee
TENN
Setaria italica
31234100185436 Franklin Kentucky Donald K. Walker
577
EKY
Setaria italica
31234100145505 Madison Kentucky 03 Aug 1981 Ralph L. Thompson
786
EKY
Setaria italica
TENN-V-0024106 Jefferson Tennessee
TENN
Setaria italica
TENN-V-0024108 Knox Tennessee
TENN
Setaria italica
APSC0042275 Stewart Tennessee
APSC
Setaria italica
APSC0042274 Trigg Kentucky
APSC
Setaria italica
APSC0094163 Ballard Kentucky
APSC
Setaria italica
APSC0093963 Harlan Kentucky
APSC
Setaria italica
HTTU012053 Putnam Tennessee
HTTU
Setaria italica
ETSU004027 Washington Tennessee
ETSU
Setaria italica
MEM006435 Ballard Kentucky 04 Aug 1972 Raymond Athey
1991
MEM
Setaria italica
N/A Graves Kentucky 09 Jul 1973 Elizabeth M. Browne
73E7.12
EKY
Setaria italica
BEREA008153 Rockcastle Kentucky
BEREA
Setaria italica
TENN-V-0024113 Williamson Tennessee
TENN
Setaria italica
TENN-V-0024099 Coffee Tennessee
TENN
Setaria italica
TENN-V-0024102 Grainger Tennessee
TENN
Setaria italica
TENN-V-0024101 Dyer Tennessee
TENN
Setaria italica
TENN-V-0024100 Jefferson Tennessee
TENN
Setaria italica
TENN-V-0024110 Smith Tennessee
TENN
Setaria italica
APSC0073340 Trimble Kentucky
APSC
Setaria italica
APSC0073585 Jefferson Kentucky
APSC
Setaria italica
APSC0093964 Harlan Kentucky
APSC
Setaria italica
APSC0086588 Livingston Kentucky 06 Oct 1986 Max Medley
APSC
Setaria italica
APSC0094162 McLean Kentucky
APSC
Setaria italica
APSC0042273 Lyon Kentucky
APSC
Setaria italica
MEM012871 Mercer Kentucky 19 Aug 1955 Mary E. Wharton
9452
MEM
Setaria italica
MEM000246 Davidson Tennessee 01 Aug 1947 Robert W. McGowan
145
MEM
Setaria italica
TENN-V-0024103 Grainger Tennessee
TENN
Setaria italica
TENN-V-0024112 White Tennessee
TENN
Setaria italica
TENN-V-0024109 Rutherford Tennessee
TENN
Setaria italica
APSC0042272 Trigg Kentucky
APSC
Setaria italica
APSC0073587 Jefferson Kentucky
APSC
Setaria italica
APSC0042276 Stewart Tennessee
APSC
Setaria italica
APSC0042270 Montgomery Tennessee
APSC
Setaria italica
APSC0042277 Stewart Tennessee
APSC
Setaria italica
APSC0093961 Pike Kentucky
APSC
Setaria italica
ETSU004026 Carter Tennessee
ETSU
Setaria italica
MEM003213 Wolfe Kentucky 12 Aug 1964 Elizabeth M. Browne, Edward T. Browne Jr.
9134
MEM
Setaria italica
MEM003945 Henry Kentucky 07 Jul 1962 J.L. Gentry Jr.
439
MEM
Setaria italica
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