Vinca major

ClassificationDicots
FamilyApocynaceae
Family (Traditional)Apocynaceae
GenusVinca
Species:Vinca major L.
Common NameBigleaf Periwinkle
Growth Habitsubshrub
Plant Notes**
CharacteristicsArmaments: No; Milky Sap: No; Photosynthetic: Yes; Stipules: No; Woody Herbaceous: Woody; Natural Area Presence: GILES; Natural Area Presence: GRSM; Natural Area Presence: LC; Natural Area Presence: LGS; Natural Area Presence: RCSP; Natural Area Presence: TRG; Duration: Perennial; General Ecology: Terrestrial; Growth Habit: subshrub; Moisture Requirements: Dry-mesic; Moisture Requirements: Mesic; Region of Origin: Europe; Reproductive Phenology: March; Reproductive Phenology: April; Reproductive Phenology: May; Leaf Arrangement: opposite; Leaf Complexity: simple; Leaf Dissection: 0; Leaf Fragrance: No; Leaf Persistance: Evergreen; Leaf Petiole Type: petiolate; Leaf Type: broadleaf; Leaf Venation: pinnate; Leaflet Margins: entire; Leaflet Number: 0; Anther Type: Dorsifixed; Base Flower Color: Blue; Base Flower Color: Purple; Carpel Number/Pistil: 2; Fruit Complexity: Multiple; Fruit Dehiscence: Yes; Fruit Type: Follicle; Fruit Wet/Dry: Dry; Hypanthium Present: No; Inflorescence Position: axillary; Inflorescence Types: solitary; Ovary Position: Superior; Overall Flower Symmetry: Actinomorphic; Ovules per Carpel: 13+; Perianth Present: Yes; Petal Fusion: Yes; Pistil Complexity: Compound; Pistil Number: 1; Placentation Type: Marginal; Sepal Number: 5; Sexuality: monoclinous; Sporangium Arrangement: N/A
C value N/A
StatusNot Native; TN[SNA] KY[SNA] (State Rank); GNR (Global Rank)
Specimen(s) View and Download Specimen Details »

** Not applicable or data not available.

Currently no photos are available for this plant.

Species Distribution Map

This species has been reported in the counties highlighted in the interactive distribution map below. Click on a county to display the its name. Click the question mark icon () to view additional information about the ecoregions shown. In the map legend, there are links to toggle the visibility of the ecoregions and/or their labels. In addition, clicking on an ecoregion name will highlight that region on the map.

  • State Boundaries
  • Counties
  • Counties - Species Present
Ecoregions
  • Southeastern Plains
    • Blackland Prarie
  • Blue Ridge Mountains
  • Ridge and Valley
  • Cumberland Plateau
  • Cumberland Mountains
  • Allegheny Plateau
  • Interior Plateau
    • Bluegrass Region
    • Nashville Basin
    • Pennyroyal Karst Plain
    • Western Highland Rim
    • Eastern Highland Rim

Synonyms

SynonymFull Citation
Vinca major var. variegata Vinca major var. variegata Loud.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort.

Counties included on distribution map: Christian (KY), Larue (KY), Madison (KY), Trigg (KY), Anderson (TN), Bradley (TN), Cannon (TN), Carroll (TN), Carter (TN), Davidson (TN), Fayette (TN), Franklin (TN), Giles (TN), Grundy (TN), Hamilton (TN), Jackson (TN), Knox (TN), Lincoln (TN), McMinn (TN), Marion (TN), Maury (TN), Meigs (TN), Montgomery (TN), Moore (TN), Overton (TN), Polk (TN), Putnam (TN), Roane (TN), Rutherford (TN), Sevier (TN), Shelby (TN), Stewart (TN), Warren (TN), Weakley (TN), Williamson (TN), Wilson (TN)

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: APSC, BEREA, BOON, EKY, ETSU, HTTU, MEM, MTSU, SWMT, TENN, UCHT, UOS, UTM, VDB

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1914 - 2019

Accession No. (click for full details) County State Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
31234100216504 Kentucky 16 May 1914 H. Garman
EKY
Vinca major
BEREA002279 Madison Kentucky
BEREA
Vinca major
ETSU007924 Carter Tennessee
ETSU
Vinca major
TENN-V-0176870 Hamilton Tennessee
TENN
Vinca major
TENN-V-0176880 Roane Tennessee
TENN
Vinca major
TENN-V-0176877 Maury Tennessee
TENN
Vinca major
TENN-V-0176876 Marion Tennessee
TENN
Vinca major
TENN-V-0176867 Carroll Tennessee
TENN
Vinca major
TENN-V-0176871 Hamilton Tennessee
TENN
Vinca major
TENN-V-0176874 Knox Tennessee
TENN
Vinca major
UCHT023873 Hamilton Tennessee
UCHT
Vinca major
UCHT023876 Hamilton Tennessee
UCHT
Vinca major
UCHT023872 Hamilton Tennessee
UCHT
Vinca major
UCHT023874 Hamilton Tennessee
UCHT
Vinca major
UCHT023878 Hamilton Tennessee
UCHT
Vinca major
UCHT023870 Hamilton Tennessee
UCHT
Vinca major
UCHT023879 Hamilton Tennessee
UCHT
Vinca major
31234100216512 Larue Kentucky 22 Mar 2000 Richard Peak
20
EKY
Vinca major
BEREA002271 Madison Kentucky
BEREA
Vinca major
TENN-V-0176872 Hamilton Tennessee
TENN
Vinca major
TENN-V-0176869 Giles Tennessee
TENN
Vinca major
TENN-V-0176873 Knox Tennessee
TENN
Vinca major
TENN-V-0176879 Polk Tennessee
TENN
Vinca major
TENN-V-0176875 Lincoln Tennessee
TENN
Vinca major
TENN-V-0176878 Meigs Tennessee
TENN
Vinca major
TENN-V-0176868 Fayette Tennessee
TENN
Vinca major
TENN-V-0176866 Bradley Tennessee
TENN
Vinca major
UCHT023875 Hamilton Tennessee
UCHT
Vinca major
UCHT023869 Hamilton Tennessee
UCHT
Vinca major
UCHT023871 Marion Tennessee
UCHT
Vinca major
APSC0101129 Hamilton Tennessee
APSC
Vinca major
APSC0028867 Montgomery Tennessee
APSC
Vinca major
APSC0028870 Christian Kentucky 22 May 1965
APSC
Vinca major
APSC0028869 Stewart Tennessee
APSC
Vinca major
HTTU008484 Overton Tennessee
HTTU
Vinca major
HTTU030626 Putnam Tennessee
HTTU
Vinca major
HTTU008481 Putnam Tennessee
HTTU
Vinca major
HTTU034272 Jackson Tennessee
HTTU
Vinca major
MTSU018375 Rutherford Tennessee 13 Apr 2010 Andy Standley
23
MTSU
Vinca major
MTSU018372 Rutherford Tennessee 22 Apr 2013 Nia Davis
38
MTSU
Vinca major
MTSU023523 Davidson Tennessee
MTSU
Vinca major
MTSU023493 McMinn Tennessee
MTSU
Vinca major
MTSU018376 Cannon Tennessee 29 Mar 2009 Rachel Sellers
2
MTSU
Vinca major
MTSU018371 Rutherford Tennessee 10 Apr 2013 Adrian Baugh
13
MTSU
Vinca major
MTSU023491 Wilson Tennessee
MTSU
Vinca major
MTSU018370 Rutherford Tennessee 18 Apr 2012 Stephanie Holden
91
MTSU
Vinca major
MTSU018377 Anderson Tennessee 21 Apr 2012 Natalie Rich
43
MTSU
Vinca major
MTSU018368 Rutherford Tennessee 03 Apr 2011 Dash Hibbard
35
MTSU
Vinca major
MTSU018387 Rutherford Tennessee 19 Apr 1999 Lori Bruner
MTSU
Vinca major
011209 Hamilton Tennessee 25 Apr 2008 S. Huskins
1380
BOON
Vinca major
000114 Tennessee 16 Apr 1977 Perry, Susie
BOON
Vinca major
APSC0028849 Stewart Tennessee
APSC
Vinca major
APSC0069100 Trigg Kentucky
APSC
Vinca major
APSC0028868 Montgomery Tennessee
APSC
Vinca major
HTTU027511 Warren Tennessee
HTTU
Vinca major
HTTU033444 Putnam Tennessee
HTTU
Vinca major
MTSU018389 Hamilton Tennessee 26 Mar 2000 Jennifer Smith
MTSU
Vinca major
MTSU018393 Moore Tennessee 18 Apr 2003 Christopher G. Meyer
MTSU
Vinca major
MTSU018380 Davidson Tennessee 12 Apr 2009 Jesse Traub
35
MTSU
Vinca major
MTSU018369 Cannon Tennessee 15 Apr 2012 Rick Mullins
93
MTSU
Vinca major
MTSU018386 Moore Tennessee 11 Apr 1998 Betty Wilkinson
MTSU
Vinca major
MTSU023494 Cannon Tennessee
MTSU
Vinca major
MTSU023489 Davidson Tennessee
MTSU
Vinca major
MTSU023526 Williamson Tennessee
MTSU
Vinca major
MTSU018383 Rutherford Tennessee 03 May 2002 Beth Crocker
MTSU
Vinca major
MTSU023525 Davidson Tennessee
MTSU
Vinca major
MTSU018388 Maury Tennessee 30 Mar 2000 Angela Cathey
MTSU
Vinca major
MTSU018398 Davidson Tennessee 24 Mar 2007 Leonela Carriedo
MTSU
Vinca major
MTSU023492 Rutherford Tennessee
MTSU
Vinca major
MTSU018367 Davidson Tennessee 17 Apr 2008 Jeron Bradford
25
MTSU
Vinca major
MTSU018333 Rutherford Tennessee 23 Apr 1988 Melissa Arms
MTSU
Vinca major
MTSU023490 Davidson Tennessee
MTSU
Vinca major
UCHT040321 Hamilton Tennessee
UCHT
Vinca major
UCHT036467 Hamilton Tennessee
UCHT
Vinca major
UTM01502 Weakley Tennessee
UTM
Vinca major
BRIT73083 Davidson Tennessee 22 Mar 1990 R. Kral
77270
VDB
Vinca major
BRIT73090 Hamilton Tennessee 05 May 1978 Paul Somers
1059
VDB
Vinca major
BRIT73084 Davidson Tennessee 01 May 1981 R. Kral
66990
VDB
Vinca major
SWMT03247 Shelby Tennessee 01 Mar 1957 Clara Ann Marmann
No number
SWMT
Vinca major
MTSU023524 Davidson Tennessee
MTSU
Vinca major
MTSU018332 Hamilton Tennessee 19 Apr 1981 James BoFill
51
MTSU
Vinca major
MTSU018328 Franklin Tennessee 04 Apr 2009 Ashley Rose
26
MTSU
Vinca major
MTSU018334 Davidson Tennessee 24 Apr 1983 Stephany Looney
33
MTSU
Vinca major
UCHT036465 Grundy Tennessee
UCHT
Vinca major
UCHT036466 Hamilton Tennessee
UCHT
Vinca major
UOS00495 Franklin Tennessee 15 Mar 2012 Jon Evans
UOS
Vinca major
BRIT73085 Davidson Tennessee 09 May 1961 C. L. Bailey
085
VDB
Vinca major
BRIT73089 Davidson Tennessee 09 May 1961 Sandra Abel
094
VDB
Vinca major
BRIT73087 Maury Tennessee 21 Mar 2003 Dwayne Estes
04370
VDB
Vinca major
MEM017079 Fayette Tennessee 25 Apr 1981 Vernon Bates Jr.
2261
MEM
Vinca major
UCHT034054 Bradley Tennessee
UCHT
Vinca major
UCHT034052 Hamilton Tennessee
UCHT
Vinca major
UCHT034053 Hamilton Tennessee
UCHT
Vinca major
TENN-V-0245389 Sevier Tennessee 22 Apr 2019 M.M. Hubert
1009
TENN
Vinca major
MEM013226 Shelby Tennessee 21 Jul 1972 Elizabeth M. Browne, Edward T. Browne Jr.
72F4.16
MEM
Vinca major
UCHT034055 Bradley Tennessee
UCHT
Vinca major
UCHT034051 Hamilton Tennessee
UCHT
Vinca major
UCHT042341 Hamilton Tennessee
UCHT
Vinca major
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