Foeniculum vulgare

Family (Traditional)Apiaceae
Species:Foeniculum vulgare Mill.
Common NameSweet Fennel; Garden Fennel
Growth Habitforb
Plant Notes**
CharacteristicsArmaments: No; Milky Sap: No; Photosynthetic: Yes; Stipules: No; Woody Herbaceous: Herbaceous; Duration: Biennial; Duration: Perennial; General Ecology: Terrestrial; Growth Habit: forb; Moisture Requirements: Sub-xeric; Moisture Requirements: Dry-mesic; Moisture Requirements: Mesic; Region of Origin: Europe; Reproductive Phenology: May; Reproductive Phenology: June; Reproductive Phenology: July; Reproductive Phenology: August; Reproductive Phenology: September; Leaf Arrangement: alternate; Leaf Complexity: compound; Leaf Dissection: 3; Leaf Dissection: 3.5; Leaf Dissection: 4; Leaf Persistance: Deciduous; Leaf Petiole Type: petiolate; Leaf Type: broadleaf; Leaf Type: linear; Leaf Venation: pinnate; Leaflet Margins: entire; Leaflet Number: 20+; Base Flower Color: Yellow; Carpel Number/Pistil: 2; Fruit Dehiscence: No; Fruit Type: Schizocarp; Fruit Wet/Dry: Dry; Hypanthium Present: No; Inflorescence Position: terminal; Inflorescence Types: corymb/cyme/umbel; Ovary Position: Inferior; Overall Flower Symmetry: Actinomorphic; Perianth Present: Yes; Petal Fusion: No; Petal Number: 5; Pistil Complexity: Compound; Pistil Number: 1; Placentation Type: Axillary; Sepal Fusion: No; Sepal Number: 0; Sepal Number: 5; Sexuality: monoclinous; Sporangium Arrangement: N/A; Stamen Number: 5; Tepal Fusion: N/A; Tepal Number: N/A
C value N/A
StatusNot Native; TN[SNA] KY[SNA] (State Rank); GNR (Global Rank)
Specimen(s) View and Download Specimen Details »

** Not applicable or data not available.

Species Distribution Map

This species has been reported in the counties highlighted in the interactive distribution map below. Click on a county to display the its name. Click the question mark icon () to view additional information about the ecoregions shown. In the map legend, there are links to toggle the visibility of the ecoregions and/or their labels. In addition, clicking on an ecoregion name will highlight that region on the map.

  • State Boundaries
  • Counties
  • Counties - Species Present
  • Southeastern Plains
    • Blackland Prarie
  • Blue Ridge Mountains
  • Ridge and Valley
  • Cumberland Plateau
  • Cumberland Mountains
  • Allegheny Plateau
  • Interior Plateau
    • Bluegrass Region
    • Nashville Basin
    • Pennyroyal Karst Plain
    • Western Highland Rim
    • Eastern Highland Rim


SynonymFull Citation
Foeniculum foeniculum Foeniculum foeniculum (L.) Karst.
Foeniculum vulgare subsp. piperitum Foeniculum vulgare subsp. piperitum

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort.

Counties included on distribution map: Madison (KY), Pike (KY), Blount (TN), Carter (TN), Coffee (TN), Franklin (TN), Knox (TN), Rutherford (TN), Sumner (TN)

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: APSC, BEREA, EKY, ETSU, MTSU, TENN, UOS, VDB

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1965 - 2014

Accession No. (click for full details) County State Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
TENN-V-0162381 Blount Tennessee
Foeniculum vulgare
TENN-V-0162384 Sumner Tennessee
Foeniculum vulgare
APSC0102045 Pike Kentucky
Foeniculum vulgare
BEREA001836 Madison Kentucky
Foeniculum vulgare
TENN-V-0162382 Coffee Tennessee
Foeniculum vulgare
MTSU023370 Tennessee
Foeniculum vulgare
31234100210903 Pike Kentucky 24 Jun 1965 Elizabeth M. Browne
Foeniculum vulgare
ETSU007893 Carter Tennessee
Foeniculum vulgare
UOS00330 Franklin Tennessee 12 Aug 2014 Mary P. Priestley
Foeniculum vulgare
TENN-V-0162383 Knox Tennessee
Foeniculum vulgare
BEREA001835 Madison Kentucky
Foeniculum vulgare
TENN-V-0162380 Blount Tennessee
Foeniculum vulgare
BRIT70282 Rutherford Tennessee
Foeniculum vulgare
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Plant Photos

Foeniculum vulgare - Joey Shaw
Foeniculum vulgare - Joey Shaw
Foeniculum vulgare - Milo Pyne
Foeniculum vulgare - Milo Pyne
Foeniculum vulgare - Milo Pyne
Foeniculum vulgare - Milo Pyne
Foeniculum vulgare - Milo Pyne
Foeniculum vulgare - Milo Pyne