Rhamnus cathartica

Family (Traditional)Rhamnaceae
Species:Rhamnus cathartica L.
Common NameBuckthorn; European Buckthorn
Growth Habitshrub
Plant Notes**
CharacteristicsArmaments: No; Milky Sap: No; Photosynthetic: Yes; Stipules: Yes; Woody Herbaceous: Woody; Invasive Rank: TN-IPC Emerging Threat; Duration: Perennial; General Ecology: Terrestrial; Growth Habit: shrub; Moisture Requirements: Dry-mesic; Moisture Requirements: Mesic; Region of Origin: Asia; Region of Origin: Europe; Reproductive Phenology: April; Reproductive Phenology: May; Reproductive Phenology: June; Leaf Arrangement: alternate; Leaf Arrangement: opposite; Leaf Complexity: simple; Leaf Dissection: 0; Leaf Fragrance: No; Leaf Persistance: Deciduous; Leaf Petiole Type: petiolate; Leaf Type: broadleaf; Leaf Venation: pinnate; Leaflet Margins: crenulate; Leaflet Number: 0; Base Flower Color: Green; Base Flower Color: Yellow; Fruit Dehiscence: No; Fruit Type: Berry; Fruit Type: Drupe; Fruit Wet/Dry: Wet; Overall Flower Symmetry: Actinomorphic; Perianth Present: Yes; Pistil Number: 1; Sexuality: monoclinous; Sporangium Arrangement: N/A; Stamen Number: 4
C value N/A
StatusNot Native; Invasive; AGCP (FACU), EMP (FACU) (NWPL); KY[SNA] (State Rank); GNR (Global Rank)
Specimen(s) View and Download Specimen Details »

** Not applicable or data not available.

Currently no photos are available for this plant.

Species Distribution Map

This species has been reported in the counties highlighted in the interactive distribution map below. Click on a county to display the its name. Click the question mark icon () to view additional information about the ecoregions shown. In the map legend, there are links to toggle the visibility of the ecoregions and/or their labels. In addition, clicking on an ecoregion name will highlight that region on the map.

  • State Boundaries
  • Counties
  • Counties - Species Present
  • Southeastern Plains
    • Blackland Prarie
  • Blue Ridge Mountains
  • Ridge and Valley
  • Cumberland Plateau
  • Cumberland Mountains
  • Allegheny Plateau
  • Interior Plateau
    • Bluegrass Region
    • Nashville Basin
    • Pennyroyal Karst Plain
    • Western Highland Rim
    • Eastern Highland Rim


No synonyms exist for this species.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort.

Counties included on distribution map: Anderson (KY), Bourbon (KY), Carroll (KY), Jefferson (KY), Oldham (KY), Robertson (KY), Campbell (TN), Shelby (TN)

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: APSC, EKY, KNK, TENN

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1994 - 2010

Accession No. (click for full details) County State Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
31234100621828 Anderson Kentucky 19 Oct 1997 Ross C. Clark
Rhamnus cathartica
31234100621836 Bourbon Kentucky 03 Jul 1994 Timothy J. Weckman
Rhamnus cathartica
31234100621851 Carroll Kentucky 11 Jun 2006 Timothy J. Weckman
Rhamnus cathartica
31234100621844 Carroll Kentucky 11 Jun 2006 T. J. Weckman
Rhamnus cathartica
31234100621869 Robertson Kentucky 11 Jul 2002 Timothy J. Weckman
Rhamnus cathartica
31973000017984 Jefferson Kentucky
Rhamnus cathartica
TENN-V-0145468 Shelby Tennessee
Rhamnus cathartica
TENN-V-0145467 Campbell Tennessee
Rhamnus cathartica
APSC0100672 Oldham Kentucky
Rhamnus cathartica
APSC0100673 Jefferson Kentucky
Rhamnus cathartica
APSC0118671 Jefferson Kentucky
Rhamnus cathartica
APSC0100674 Jefferson Kentucky
Rhamnus cathartica
APSC0005581 Campbell Tennessee 26 Jul 2010 Dwayne Estes with Aaron Floden
Rhamnus cathartica
APSC0119682 Jefferson Kentucky
Rhamnus cathartica
First Page Previous Page Next Page Last Page
Records per Page:

Plant Photos